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Mobile Information Systems
Volume 10 (2014), Issue 1, Pages 127-146
http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/MIS-130174

Mobile Services Infrastructure for Frailty Diagnosis Support based on Gower’s Similarity Coefficient and Treemaps

Jesús Fontecha, Ramón Hervás, and José Bravo

MAmI Research Lab, Castilla-La Mancha University, Ciudad Real, Spain

Received 23 July 2013; Accepted 23 July 2013

Copyright © 2014 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The early detection and diagnosis of frailty is important in improving the quality of elderly life. Physicians must take many factors into account to achieve an objective and standardised method of frailty assessment. In this work, we present a novel mobile service infrastructure to improve the accuracy of frailty diagnosis in a population of elders, focusing on the main frailty risk factors and applying similarity algorithms based on Gower's coefficient. In addition, we have developed a mobile application to obtain the assessment results from the implemented services. The results are displayed on the mobile device using hierarchical visualisation structures known as treemaps. The system has been evaluated as a frailty diagnosis tool in a group of elderly patients.