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Mobile Information Systems
Volume 2015, Article ID 427847, 7 pages
Research Article

Game-Theoretic Beamforming and Power Allocation in MIMO Cognitive Radio Systems with Transmitter Antenna Correlation

Key Laboratory of Cognitive Radio and Information Processing, Guilin University of Electronic Technology, Ministry of Education, Guilin 541004, China

Received 18 October 2015; Accepted 24 November 2015

Academic Editor: Xin Wang

Copyright © 2015 Feng Zhao et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Multi-input multioutput (MIMO) technique provides a promising solution to enhance the performance of wireless communication systems. In this paper, we consider antenna correlation at the transmitter in practical cognitive MIMO systems. What is more, a game-theoretic framework is conducted to analyze the optimum beamforming and power allocation such that each user maximizes its own rate selfishly under the transmitting power constraint and the primary user (PU) interference constraint. The design of the cognitive MIMO system is formulated as a noncooperative game, where the secondary users (SUs) compete with each other over the resources made available by the PUs. Interestingly, as the correlation parameter grows, the utility degrades. Nash equilibrium is considered as the solution of this game. Simulation results show that the proposed algorithm can converge quickly and clearly outperforms the strategy without game.