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Mobile Information Systems
Volume 2016, Article ID 2010837, 10 pages
Research Article

Power Optimization of Multimode Mobile Embedded Systems with Workload-Delay Dependency

1Department of ECE, Ajou University, Suwon 16499, Republic of Korea
2Department of CSE, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Republic of Korea

Received 24 March 2016; Accepted 14 June 2016

Academic Editor: Yuh-Shyan Chen

Copyright © 2016 Hoeseok Yang and Soonhoi Ha. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This paper proposes to take the relationship between delay and workload into account in the power optimization of microprocessors in mobile embedded systems. Since the components outside a device continuously change their values or properties, the workload to be handled by the systems becomes dynamic and variable. This variable workload is formulated as a staircase function of the delay taken at the previous iteration in this paper and applied to the power optimization of DVFS (dynamic voltage-frequency scaling). In doing so, a graph representation of all possible workload/mode changes during the lifetime of a device, Workload Transition Graph (WTG), is proposed. Then, the power optimization problem is transformed into finding a cycle (closed walk) in WTG which minimizes the average power consumption over it. Out of the obtained optimal cycle of WTG, one can derive the optimal power management policy of the target device. It is shown that the proposed policy is valid for both continuous and discrete DVFS models. The effectiveness of the proposed power optimization policy is demonstrated with the simulation results of synthetic and real-life examples.