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Mobile Information Systems
Volume 2016, Article ID 3121538, 13 pages
Research Article

Energy-Saving Management Mechanism Based on Hybrid Energy Supplies for LTE Heterogeneous Networks

State Key Laboratory of Networking and Switching Technology, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Beijing 100876, China

Received 5 February 2016; Accepted 29 June 2016

Academic Editor: Gabriel-Miro Muntean

Copyright © 2016 Peng Yu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Aiming at the lack of integrated energy-saving (ES) methods based on hybrid energy supplies in LTE heterogeneous networks, a novel ES management mechanism considering hybrid energy supplies and self-organized network (SON) is proposed. The mechanism firstly constructs ES optimization model with hybrid energy supplies. And then a SON framework is proposed to resolve the model under practical networks. According to the framework, we divide the ES problem into four stages, which are traffic variation prediction, regional Base Station (BS) mode determination, BS-user association, and power supply. And four corresponding low-complexity algorithms are proposed to resolve them. Simulations are taken on under LTE underlay heterogeneous networks. Compared with other algorithms, results show that our mechanism can save 47.4% energy consumption of the network, while keeping coverage, interference, and service quality above acceptable levels, which takes on great green-economy significance.