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Mobile Information Systems
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 3696789, 14 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/3696789
Research Article

A Novel Energy-Saving Resource Allocation Scheme in LTE-A Relay Networks

Department of Electrical Engineering, National University of Tainan, Tainan 70005, Taiwan

Received 21 December 2015; Revised 25 June 2016; Accepted 3 July 2016

Academic Editor: Gabriel-Miro Muntean

Copyright © 2016 Jen-Jee Chen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The relay node (RN) in Long-Term Evolution-Advanced (LTE-A) networks is used to enhance the coverage of high data rate and solve the coverage hole problem. Considering the limited energy nature of User Equipment (UE), connecting to the RN instead of Evolved Node B (eNB) is a better choice for cell-edge UE items. In this paper, on the premise of compatibility to the LTE-A resource allocation specification, we discuss an uplink radio resource, uplink path, modulation and coding scheme (MCS), and transmit power allocation problem for energy conservation in LTE-A relay networks. The objective is to minimize the total energy consumption of UE items while guaranteeing the constraints of UE items’ quality of service (QoS), bit-error-rate (BER), total system resource, and maximum transmit power. Since the problem is NP-complete and the scheduling period in LTE-A is short (the subframe length is only ms), we propose an efficient method to solve the problem. The complexity analysis shows the time complexity of the proposed heuristics is . Simulation results demonstrate that our algorithm can effectively reduce the energy consumption of UE items and guarantee users’ service quality.