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Mobile Information Systems
Volume 2016, Article ID 5032365, 12 pages
Research Article

Seamless Guidance System Combining GPS, BLE Beacon, and NFC Technologies

1Department of Computer and Communication, Kun Shan University, No. 195, Kunda Road, Yongkang District, Tainan City 710, Taiwan
2Department of Computer Science and Information Engineering, National Kaohsiung University of Applied Sciences, No. 415, Jiangong Road, Sanmin District, Kaohsiung City 807, Taiwan

Received 2 October 2015; Accepted 7 December 2015

Academic Editor: Jong-Hyouk Lee

Copyright © 2016 Rung-Shiang Cheng et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Users rely increasingly on Location-Based Services (LBS) and automated navigation/guidance systems nowadays. However, while such services are easily implemented in outdoor environments using Global Positioning System (GPS) technology, a requirement still exists for accurate localization and guidance schemes in indoor settings. Accordingly, the present study proposes a system based on GPS, Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) beacons, and Near Field Communication (NFC) technology. Through establishing graphic information and the design of algorithm, this study develops a guidance system for indoors and outdoors on smart phones, wishing to give user perfect smart life through this system. The proposed system is implemented on a smart phone and evaluated on a student campus environment. The experimental results confirm the ability of the proposed app to switch automatically from an outdoor mode to an indoor mode and to guide the user to requested target destination via the shortest possible route.