Table 2: Parameters used in the simulations.

Parameter Value

Map Valencia and San Francisco
Vehicles per km2 and
Collided vehicles
Map size 2000 m × 2000 m
Warning message size 256 B
Warning messages priority AC3
Beacon message size 512 B
Beacon priority AC1
Message interval 1 second
MAC/PHY 802.11p
Propagation model RAV [64]
Mobility model Krauss et al. [70]
Bandwidth 6 Mbps
Maximum communication range 400 m
(distance-based, eSBR, and eMDR approaches) 200 m