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Mobile Information Systems
Volume 2017, Article ID 2785948, 9 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/2785948
Research Article

Angular Domain Data-Assisted Channel Estimation for Pilot Decontamination in Massive MIMO

Department of Communications and Networking, Aalto University, Espoo, Finland

Correspondence should be addressed to Yihenew Beyene; if.otlaa@eneyeb.wenehiy

Received 19 October 2016; Accepted 25 December 2016; Published 26 January 2017

Academic Editor: Yvon Gourhant

Copyright © 2017 Yihenew Beyene et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Massive Multiple-Input-Multiple-Output (M-MIMO) system is a promising technology that offers to mobile networks substantial increase in throughput. In Time-Division Duplexing (TDD), the uplink training allows a Base Station (BS) to acquire Channel State Information (CSI) for both uplink reception and downlink transmission. This is essential for M-MIMO systems where downlink training pilots would consume large portion of the bandwidth. In densely populated areas, pilot symbols are reused among neighboring cells. Pilot contamination is the fundamental bottleneck on the performance of M-MIMO systems. Pilot contamination effect in antenna arrays can be mitigated by treating the channel estimation problem in angular domain where channel sparsity can be exploited. In this paper, we introduce a codebook that projects the channel into orthogonal beams and apply Minimum Mean-Squared Error (MMSE) criterion to estimate the channel. We also propose data-aided channel covariance matrix estimation algorithm for angular domain MMSE channel estimator by exploiting properties of linear antenna array. The algorithm is based on simple linear operations and no matrix inversion is involved. Numerical results show that the algorithm performs well in mitigating pilot contamination where the desired channel and other interfering channels span overlapping angle-of-arrivals.