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Mobile Information Systems
Volume 2017, Article ID 7028431, 8 pages
Research Article

Propagation Characterization Based on Geographic Location Variation for 5G Small Cells

1The Smart Radio Communication System Lab, Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, Chungbuk, Republic of Korea
2Department of Radio Communication Engineering, Kunsan National University, Gunsan 573-701, Republic of Korea
3School of Computer, Information and Communication Engineering, Kunsan National University, Gunsan 573-701, Republic of Korea

Correspondence should be addressed to Kyung-Seok Kim;

Received 30 August 2016; Revised 22 November 2016; Accepted 15 December 2016; Published 12 January 2017

Academic Editor: Fisseha Mekuria

Copyright © 2017 Byung-Jin Lee et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Developments in next-generation wireless transmission technology and efficient frequency-use research are based on understanding the characteristics of the exact radio channel. With regard to developments in next-generation mobile communication systems, performance verification of the development system is essential, for which it is necessary to estimate the exact wireless-space channel. This paper presents results of the analysis of radio propagation characteristics based on location variation in outdoor environments for small-cell 5th generation (5G) mobile systems. Changes due to variation in location were measured using a channel sounder in a microcell environment with a 0.5 km radius in Korea. In order to analyze the propagation characteristics, the best distribution model reflecting the characteristics of the locations was derived. A comparison between actual measurements and three-dimensional ray-tracing simulation results confirmed the validity of the measurement result.