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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 579693, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/579693
Research Article

A Wavelet-Based Robust Relevance Vector Machine Based on Sensor Data Scheduling Control for Modeling Mine Gas Gushing Forecasting on Virtual Environment

1Key Laboratory of Industrial Internet of Things & Networked Control, Ministry of Education, Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Chongqing 400065, China
2Institute of Grassland Science, Key Laboratory of Vegetation Ecology, Ministry of Education, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China

Received 20 March 2013; Revised 24 April 2013; Accepted 9 May 2013

Academic Editor: Vishal Bhatnagar

Copyright © 2013 Wang Ting et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

It is wellknown that mine gas gushing forecasting is very significant to ensure the safety of mining. A wavelet-based robust relevance vector machine based on sensor data scheduling control for modeling mine gas gushing forecasting is presented in the paper. Morlet wavelet function can be used as the kernel function of robust relevance vector machine. Mean percentage error has been used to measure the performance of the proposed method in this study. As the mean prediction error of mine gas gushing of the WRRVM model is less than 1.5%, and the mean prediction error of mine gas gushing of the RVM model is more than 2.5%, it can be seen that the prediction accuracy for mine gas gushing of the WRRVM model is better than that of the RVM model.

1. Introduction

It is wellknown that mine gas gushing forecasting is very significant to ensure the safety of mining [13]. The study results elaborate that the influencing factors of mine gas gushing mainly include buried depth of coal seam, thickness of coal seam, gas content of coal seam, distance of coal seam, daily advance, and day output [46]. Artificial neural networks [79] have been applied to mine gas gushing forecasting. However, the forecasting results of artificial neural networks are poor due to their shortcomings including over-fitting and local maximum.

A wavelet-based robust relevance vector machine based on sensor data scheduling control for modeling mine gas gushing forecasting is presented in this paper. Relevance vector machine is a kind of improved support vector machine [1014], which is based on a Bayesian framework. Morlet wavelet function can be used as the kernel function of robust relevance vector machine.

In the study, the experimental data are employed to study the prediction ability for mine gas gushing. The five factors including buried depth of coal seam, thickness of coal seam, lithology of roof, thickness of bed rock, and ratio of sand and rock are used as the input features of the WRRVM model, and mine gas gushing is used as the output of the WRRVM model. Before the training samples are created, the experimental data must be normalized. Then, the training samples are created. Mean percentage error has been used to measure the performance of the proposed method in this study. As the mean prediction error of mine gas gushing of the WRRVM model is less than 1.5%, and the mean prediction error of mine gas gushing of the RVM model is more than 2.5%, it can be seen that the prediction accuracy for mine gas gushing of the WRRVM model is better than that of the RVM model. Therefore, the WRRVM model is very suitable for mine gas gushing prediction.

2. Wavelet-Based Robust Relevance Vector Machine

The regression function of relevance vector machine can be described as follows: where is the weights and is the mapping function.

Given the vector , the likelihood function of the dataset can be obtained as follows: where , is the variance matrix, and is the mean value vector, which can be described as follows:

Then, the marginal likelihood function of robust relevance vector machine can be obtained as follows:

In this study, Morlet wavelet function can be used as the kernel function of robust relevance vector machine, which can be described as follows [15, 16]:

It is sufficient to prove the inequality: where

3. Experimental Analysis for Mine Gas Gushing Forecasting Based on Wavelet-Based Robust Relevance Vector Machine

In this section, the experimental data are employed to study the prediction ability for mine gas gushing of the proposed wavelet-based robust relevance vector machine. The five factors including buried depth of coal seam, thickness of coal seam, lithology of roof, thickness of bed rock, and ratio of sand and rock are used as the input features of the WRRVM model, and mine gas gushing is used as the output of the WRRVM model.

Figure 1 gives the comparison of the prediction values of mine gas gushing between the WRRVM model and the RVM model trained by the five input features including buried depth of coal seam, thickness of coal seam, lithology of roof, thickness of bed rock, and ratio of sand and rock; Figure 2 gives the comparison of the prediction values of mine gas gushing between the WRRVM model and the RVM model trained by the four input features including buried depth of coal seam, thickness of coal seam, lithology of roof, and thickness of bed rock; Figure 3 gives the comparison of the prediction values of mine gas gushing between the WRRVM model and the RVM model trained by the four input features including buried depth of coal seam, thickness of coal seam, lithology of roof, and ratio of sand and rock; Figure 4 gives the comparison of the prediction values of mine gas gushing between the WRRVM model and the RVM model trained by the three input features including buried depth of coal seam, thickness of coal seam, and lithology of roof; Figure 5 gives the comparison of the prediction values of mine gas gushing between the WRRVM model and the RVM model trained by the three input features including buried depth of coal seam, thickness of coal seam, and ratio of sand and rock. Mean percentage error has been used to measure the performance of the proposed method in this paper. As the mean percentage prediction error of mine gas gushing of the WRRVM model is less than 1.5%, and the mean percentage prediction error of mine gas gushing of the RVM model is more than 2.5%, it can be seen that the prediction accuracy for mine gas gushing of the WRRVM model is better than that of the RVM model.

579693.fig.001
Figure 1: The comparison of the prediction values of mine gas gushing between the WRRVM model and the RVM model trained by the five input features.
579693.fig.002
Figure 2: The comparison of the prediction values of mine gas gushing between the WRRVM model and the RVM model trained by the four input features including buried depth of coal seam, thickness of coal seam, lithology of roof, and thickness of bed rock.
579693.fig.003
Figure 3: The comparison of the prediction values of mine gas gushing between the WRRVM model and the RVM model trained by the four input features including buried depth of coal seam, thickness of coal seam, lithology of roof, and ratio of sand and rock.
579693.fig.004
Figure 4: The comparison of the prediction values of mine gas gushing between the WRRVM model and the RVM model trained by the three input features including buried depth of coal seam, thickness of coal seam, and lithology of roof.
579693.fig.005
Figure 5: The comparison of the prediction values of mine gas gushing between the WRRVM model and the RVM model trained by the three input features including buried depth of coal seam, thickness of coal seam, and ratio of sand and rock.

4. Conclusion

A wavelet-based robust relevance vector machine based on sensor data scheduling control for modeling mine gas gushing forecasting is presented in the paper. Morlet wavelet function can be used as the kernel function of robust relevance vector machine. As the mean prediction error of mine gas gushing of the WRRVM model is less than 1.5%, and the mean prediction error of mine gas gushing of the RVM model is more than 2.5%, it can be seen that the prediction accuracy for mine gas gushing of the WRRVM model is better than that of the RVM model. Therefore, the WRRVM model is very suitable for mine gas gushing prediction.

Acknowledgments

The work is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation Project of NSFC (NSFC, 50804061), the Chongqing Education Administration Program Foundation of China (no. KJ120514), Chongqing Education Administration Program Foundation of China (no. KJ110513), and the Natural Science Foundation Project of CQ CSTC (no. 2012BB3725). This work was supported in part by the Foundation for University Youth Key Teacher of Chongqing, Outstanding Achievement Transformation Project of CQ CQJW (no. KJzh10207). And special thanks are due to all who have helped to make this study.

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