Mathematical Problems in Engineering / 2013 / Article / Fig 3

Research Article

Dynamic Analysis of a Two-Language Competitive Model with Control Strategies

Figure 3

The optimal adjoint variables, states, and control variable for the optimal control problem with , , , and : (a) the optimal adjoint variables , , and ; (b) the optimal states of languages , and bilingual ; and (c) the control variable with different weight factor .

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