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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2013, Article ID 745370, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/745370
Research Article

Computation on Bus Delay at Stops in Beijing through Statistical Analysis

1The MOE Key Laboratory for Transportation Complex Systems Theory and Technology, School of Traffic & Transportation, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China
2Integrated Transport Research Centre of China, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China

Received 6 February 2013; Accepted 30 March 2013

Academic Editor: Dan Simon

Copyright © 2013 Shaokuan Chen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Delays at bus stops have seriously affected the efficiency of bus operation and the improvement of level of services of public transportation and greatly influenced the preferences of passengers to choose bus services. In this paper, the analysis on arriving, dwell and leaving process of buses and the method to calculate bus delays at stops are proposed according to survey data from three bus routes in Beijing. Statistical analysis is then adopted respectively to evaluate average times that buses are docking at curbside and bay-style stops. Moreover, it is noted that different load factors of passengers in buses have significantly influenced the average boarding and alighting time per person. The effectiveness and accuracy of the proposed methods is illustrated through case studies. This study is crucial and helpful for the planners and operators to evaluate the efficiency and level of service of urban public transportation.