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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2013, Article ID 934712, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/934712
Research Article

Natural Convection of Viscoelastic Fluid from a Cone Embedded in a Porous Medium with Viscous Dissipation

1School of Mathematical Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Private Bag X01, Scottsville, Pietermaritzburg 3209, South Africa
2Faculty of Military Science, Stellenbosch University, Private Bag X2, Saldanha 7395, South Africa

Received 11 March 2013; Accepted 9 September 2013

Academic Editor: Anders Eriksson

Copyright © 2013 Gilbert Makanda et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

We study natural convection from a downward pointing cone in a viscoelastic fluid embedded in a porous medium. The fluid properties are numerically computed for different viscoelastic, porosity, Prandtl and Eckert numbers. The governing partial differential equations are converted to a system of fourth order ordinary differential equations using the similarity transformations and then solved together by using the successive linearization method (SLM). Many studies have been carried out on natural convection from a cone but they did not consider a cone embedded in a porous medium with linear surface temperature. The results in this work are validated by the comparison with other authors.