Table 5: Stress level and test results.


Static test Ultimate loads633 (kN)732 (kN)710 (kN)
Failure modePSaPSaPSa


Fatigue test
Stress level (%)407090607080607080
Loads (kN)260450580440510590430500570
Number of cyclic loading10668,8341010690,07419,836501,982864,40820,023
Failure modePSbPScPScPSbPScPScPSdPScPSc
Typical failure

Note: PSa: punching shear failure after yielding of rebar, PSb: punching shear failure due to static loading, PSc: fatigue punching shear, and PSd: fatigue punching shear failure after girder collapse.