Mathematical Problems in Engineering

Mathematical Problems in Engineering / 2014 / Article

Research Article | Open Access

Volume 2014 |Article ID 390742 | https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/390742

Zitian Li, "Construction of New Exact Solutions for the (3 + 1)-Dimensional Burgers System", Mathematical Problems in Engineering, vol. 2014, Article ID 390742, 5 pages, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/390742

Construction of New Exact Solutions for the (3 + 1)-Dimensional Burgers System

Academic Editor: Miguel A. F. Sanjuan
Received09 Jul 2014
Accepted06 Oct 2014
Published12 Oct 2014

Abstract

By means of a variable separation method and a generalized direct ansätz function approach, new exact solutions including cross kink-wave solutions, doubly periodic kinky-wave solutions, and breather type of two-solitary wave solutions for the (3 + 1)-dimensional Burgers system are obtained. Moreover, the mechanical features are also investigated.

1. Introduction

Searching for explicit solutions of nonlinear evolution equations by using various different methods is useful and meaningful in physical science and nonlinear science. Many powerful methods have been presented, such as inverse scattering transform [1], Hirota’s bilinear form method [2], two-soliton method [3], homoclinic test technique [4], Bäcklund transformation method [5], and three-wave type of ansätz approach [6]. And much work has been focused on the various extensions and application of the known algebraic methods to construct the solutions of nonlinear evolution equations [7, 8].

In this letter, we will present exact solutions of the (3 + 1)-dimensional Burgers system [9]: which was derived from the inverse transformation of heat-conduction equation, where , , are three physical field function and . Recently, (1) was widely researched [1012]. When , , (1) degenerated into the -dimensional Burgers equation and the soliton-like solutions were obtained by using the extended Riccati equation mapping method [13], and many other results were found in the literature [14, 15]. In our work, we will give some new exact solutions for (1) by using the variable separation hypothesis and the direct ansätz function method all together.

2. Exact Solutions to the (3 + 1)-Dimensional Burgers System

We firstly suppose the solution of system (1) has the following ansätz: where , and are real constants and has the following variable separation form: with    constants and are unknown function about and , respectively. Substituting (2) and (3) into (1), we have

Now let us consider (5), since is only a function about variables and , letting and by using the wave transformation , (5) can be changed into where , and are arbitrary constants. And when and are taken as , or , , we find that (4) is automatically satisfied.

When , solutions of (7) are well known as follows: where are arbitrary constants.

Therefore, we only need to solve (6) from which we can obtain the solutions of system (1).

Example 1. Let the test function be where , , , , and are constants to be determined.
By introducing means of computer algebra (i.e., Maple), we obtain which is a cross kink-wave solution, where , (see Figure 1: ).

Example 2. Similarly, if was taken as where , and are constants to be determined later, then, we derived a periodic soliton solution and a multiple-soliton solution as follows: where and (see Figure 1: , Figure 2: ).

Example 3. Furthermore, when choosing to be with , and constants, we obtained a breather type of two-solitary wave solution as follows: where , , .

The solution represented by (14) is breather type of two-solitary wave solution which contains a periodic wave and two solitary waves, whose amplitude periodically oscillates with the evolution of time (see Figure 2: ).

3. Conclusion

In this paper, by using the variable separation method and the generalized direct ansätz method the -dimensional Burgers system is investigated. New exact solutions including cross kink-wave solution, doubly kinky-wave solution, and breather type of two-solitary wave solutions are obtained; these solutions enrich the structures of solutions of the -dimensional Burgers system. Moreover, the mechanical features are also investigated.

Conflict of Interests

The author declares that there is no conflict of interests regarding the publication of this paper.

Acknowledgment

This work is supported by Natural Science Foundation of Yunnan Province under Grant no. 2013FZ113.

References

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Copyright © 2014 Zitian Li. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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