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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 432841, 9 pages
Research Article

Driver Behavior on Combination of Vertical and Horizontal Curves of Mountainous Freeways

Key Laboratory of Automobile Transportation Safety Techniques of Ministry of Transport, Chang’an University, Xi’an 710064, China

Received 23 January 2014; Accepted 23 February 2014; Published 2 April 2014

Academic Editor: Wuhong Wang

Copyright © 2014 Tao Chen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The study of driver behavior is of great importance to the traffic safety of mountainous freeways. In order to study the characteristics of driver behavior on combination of vertical and horizontal curves (CVHCs) of mountainous freeways in free flow conditions, designated speed measurement tests of two typical segments of the upgrade direction of Xi’an-Hanzhong freeway were carried out. After data processing, vehicles in free flow were screened out and classified into two groups by K-means clustering method, and then the driver behavior with different lanes, different size vehicles, and different CVHCs was analyzed, respectively. Finally, a vehicle distribution prediction model and a speed prediction model were built which were applied to CVHCs, and a verification test was made to test the accuracy of the models. Research results show that the driver behavior is mainly different among vehicle size, longitudinal slopes, and horizontal curves, and the characteristics of speed control and lane distribution on CVHCs vary according to lanes and combination of road alignment. Also, the prediction results of the models are highly consistent with the measured test results.