Partial Fractional Equations and their ApplicationsView this Special Issue
Local Fractional Variational Iteration Method for Inhomogeneous Helmholtz Equation within Local Fractional Derivative Operator
The inhomogeneous Helmholtz equation within the local fractional derivative operator conditions is investigated in this paper. The local fractional variational iteration method is applied to obtain the nondifferentiable solutions and the graphs of the illustrative examples are also shown.
Helmholtz equation has played an important role in the partial differential equations arising in mathematical physics [1, 2]. In computing the solution of Helmholtz equation, some analytical and numerical methods were presented. For example, Ihlenburg and Babuška used the finite element method to deal with the Helmholtz equation . Momani and Abuasad suggested the variational iteration method to solve the Helmholtz equation . Rafei and Ganji reported the homotopy perturbation method to report the solution to the Helmholtz equation . Bayliss et al. considered the iterative method to discuss the Helmholtz equation . Benamou and Desprès reported the domain decomposition method for solving the Helmholtz equation . Linton presented Green’s function method for the Helmholtz equation . Singer and Turkel proposed the finite difference method to solve the Helmholtz equation . Otto and Larsson applied the second-order method to discuss the Helmholtz equation .
Recently, the fractional calculus [11, 12] was developed and applied to present some models in the fields, such as the fractional-order digital control systems , the fractional-order viscoelasticity , the fractional-order quantum mechanics , and fractional-order dynamics . More recently, Samuel and Thomas report the fractional Helmholtz equations  and some methods for solving the fractional differential equations were reported in [18–23]. However, we are faced with the problem that there must be some calculus to deal with the nondifferentiable solution for Helmholtz equation, which was structured within the local fractional derivative [24–34]. In this paper, we consider the local fractional inhomogeneous Helmholtz equation in two-dimensional case [31, 32]: where is a local fractional continuous function and the local fractional partial derivative is defined as follows : with The local fractional inhomogeneous Helmholtz equation in three-dimensional case was suggested as follows [29, 30]: where is a local fractional continuous function. Here, we use the local fractional variational iteration method [30–34] to solve the local fractional inhomogeneous Helmholtz equation in two-dimensional case. The structure of this paper is as follows. In Section 2, we analyze the local fractional variational iteration method. In Section 3, we present some illustrative examples. Finally, the conclusion is given in Section 4.
2. Analysis of the Local Fractional Variational Iteration Method
Here, we give the analysis of the local fractional variational iteration method as follows. We first consider the local fractional linear partial differential equation: where denotes linear local fractional derivative operator of order , denotes a lower-order local fractional derivative operator, and is the nondifferentiable source term.
We now structure the correctional local fractional functional in the form Making the local fractional variation, we have such that the following stationary conditions are given as In view of (9), we obtain the fractal Lagrange multiplier, which is given by From (7) and (10), we reach at the local fractional variational iteration algorithm where the nondifferentiable initial value is suggested as Therefore, from (11), we write the solution of (7) as follows:
3. Some Illustrative Examples
In this section, we give some illustrative examples for solving the local fractional inhomogeneous Helmholtz equation in two-dimensional case.
We present the following local fractional inhomogeneous Helmholtz equation: subject to the initial-boundary conditions: Making use of (11), we structure the local fractional variational iteration algorithm as follows: where the initial value is presented as whose plot is shown in Figure 1.
In view of (16) and (17), we arrive at the first approximation: The second approximation is Making best of (16) and (19), the third approximation reads as From (16) and (20), we obtain the fourth approximation of (14) given as As similar manner, from (21), we arrive at the fifth approximate formula: Hence, we have the local fractional series solution of (14): From (13), we get the exact solution of (14) given as and its plot is illustrated in Figure 2.
Example 1. We suggest the following local fractional inhomogeneous Helmholtz equation: and the initial-boundary conditions read as From (11), we set up the local fractional variational iteration algorithm as follows: where the initial value is suggested as Appling (27) and (28) gives the first approximate solution: Using (27) and (29), we obtain the second approximate term, which is expressed as follows: In view of (27) and (30), we obtain the third approximation, which reads as follows: Therefore, we arrive at the approximate term which leads to the exact solution of (25) given as and its plot is illustrated in Figure 3.
In this work, the boundary value problems for the inhomogeneous Helmholtz equation within local fractional derivative operator were discussed by using the local fractional variational iteration method. Their nondifferentiable solutions are obtained and the graphs of the solutions with fractal dimension are also given.
Conflict of Interests
The authors declare that they have no competing interests in this paper.
This work was supported by the Zhejiang Provincial Natural Science Foundation (LY13A010007).
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