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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2015, Article ID 185149, 14 pages
Research Article

Line-of-Sight Rate Estimation Based on UKF for Strapdown Seeker

1Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun, Jilin 130033, China
2University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, China

Received 10 March 2015; Revised 18 June 2015; Accepted 18 June 2015

Academic Editor: Oscar Reinoso

Copyright © 2015 Tingting Sun et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Aiming at the problem that the strapdown imaging seeker cannot measure line-of-sight (LOS) rate directly, this paper presents an effective algorithm for LOS rate estimation. To address the problem, the reference frames and angles are defined. According to the relative kinematics and attitude relationship between missile and target, the nonlinear state equations and measurement equations of LOS rate are derived, and the estimation algorithm based on unscented Kalman filter (UKF) is proposed. Considering the estimation accuracy mainly depends on body LOS (BLOS) angle accuracy and gyro accuracy, the paper is unprecedented to research how these two factors impact the LOS angle and rate accuracy by simulation. Semiphysical simulation experiment verifies the correctness and accuracy of the algorithm, and the result shows that the estimation algorithm can meet the accuracy and real-time requirements of guidance system simultaneously. Thus LOS rate estimation algorithm based on UKF provides a theoretical basis for engineering applications of strapdown imaging seeker.