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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2015, Article ID 193179, 10 pages
Research Article

An Accurate Method for Real-Time Aircraft Dynamics Simulation Based on Predictor-Corrector Scheme

1National CIMS Engineering Research Centre, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
2State Key Laboratory of Civil Aircraft Flight Simulation, Shanghai Aircraft Design and Research Institute, Shanghai 201210, China
3School of Engineering, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth PO1 3DJ, UK

Received 4 June 2014; Revised 15 October 2014; Accepted 28 October 2014

Academic Editor: Kang Li

Copyright © 2015 Jiaxin Zhao et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Real-time aircraft dynamics simulation requires very high accuracy and stability in the numerical integration process. Nonetheless, traditional multistep numerical methods cannot effectively meet the new requirements. Therefore, a novel real-time multistep method based on Predict-Evaluate-Correct scheme of three-step fourth-order method (RTPEC-34) is proposed and developed in this research to address the gap. In addition to the development of a highly accurate algorithm based on predictor-corrector, the contribution of this work also includes the analysis of truncation error for real-time problems. Moreover, the parameters for the RTPEC-34 method are optimized using intelligent optimization algorithms. The application and comparison of the optimization algorithms also lead to general guidelines for their applications in the development of improved multistep methods. Last but not least, theoretical analysis is also conducted on the stability of the proposed RTPEC-34 method, which is corroborated in simulation experiments and thus provides general guidelines for the evaluation of real-time numerical methods. The RTPEC-34 method is compared with other multistep algorithms using both numerical experiments and a real engineering example. As shown in the comparison, it achieves improved performance in terms of accuracy and stability and it is also a viable and efficient algorithm for real-time aircraft dynamics simulation.