Mathematical Problems in Engineering / 2015 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Decomposition and Decoupling Analysis of Energy-Related Carbon Emissions from China Manufacturing

Table 2

Eight decoupling states divided by Tapio [15].

Decoupling states/GDP/GDPDecoupling elasticity values ()

Negative decoupling
 Expansive negative decoupling>0>0
 Strong negative decoupling>0<0
 Weak negative decoupling<0<0
Decoupling
 Weak decoupling>0>0
 Strong decoupling<0>0
 Recessive decoupling<0<0
Coupling
 Expansive coupling>0>0
 Recessive coupling<0<0