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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2015, Article ID 298918, 10 pages
Research Article

Mass Change Prediction Model of Concrete Subjected to Sulfate Attack

1Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746, Republic of Korea
2Department of Civil Engineering, Andong National University, Andong 760-749, Republic of Korea
3Metropolitan Transit System Research Division, Korea Railroad Research Institute, Uiwang 437-757, Republic of Korea

Received 5 September 2014; Accepted 5 October 2014

Academic Editor: Sang-Youl Lee

Copyright © 2015 Kwang-Myong Lee et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The present study suggested a mass change prediction model for sulfate attack of concrete containing mineral admixtures through an immersion test in sulfate solutions. For this, 100% OPC as well as binary and ternary blended cement concrete specimens were manufactured by changing the types and amount of mineral admixture. The concrete specimens were immersed in fresh water, 10% sodium sulfate solution, and 10% magnesium sulfate solution, respectively, and mass change of the specimens was measured at 28, 56, 91, 182, and 365 days. The experimental results indicated that resistance of concrete containing mineral admixture against sodium sulfate attack was far greater than that of 100% OPC concrete. However, in terms of resistance against magnesium sulfate attack, concrete containing mineral admixture was lower than 100% OPC concrete due to the formation of magnesium silicate hydrate (M-S-H), the noncementitious material. Ultimately, based on the experimental results, a mass change prediction model was suggested and it was found that the prediction values using the model corresponded relatively well with the experimental results.