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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 379281, 10 pages
Research Article

Convergence Improved Lax-Friedrichs Scheme Based Numerical Schemes and Their Applications in Solving the One-Layer and Two-Layer Shallow-Water Equations

1State Key Laboratory of Water Resources and Hydropower Engineering Science, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
2Hydrology Bureau, Yangtze River Water Resource Commission, Wuhan 430010, China
3Yangtze River Scientific Research Institute, Wuhan 430015, China

Received 13 August 2015; Accepted 22 October 2015

Academic Editor: Maurizio Brocchini

Copyright © 2015 Xinhua Lu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The first-order Lax-Friedrichs (LF) scheme is commonly used in conjunction with other schemes to achieve monotone and stable properties with lower numerical diffusion. Nevertheless, the LF scheme and the schemes devised based on it, for example, the first-order centered (FORCE) and the slope-limited centered (SLIC) schemes, cannot achieve a time-step-independence solution due to the excessive numerical diffusion at a small time step. In this work, two time-step-convergence improved schemes, the C-FORCE and C-SLIC schemes, are proposed to resolve this problem. The performance of the proposed schemes is validated in solving the one-layer and two-layer shallow-water equations, verifying their capabilities in attaining time-step-independence solutions and showing robustness of them in resolving discontinuities with high-resolution.