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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2015, Article ID 563863, 13 pages
Research Article

Transmit Beamforming Optimization Design for Broadband Multigroup Multicast System

1Key Laboratory of Wireless-Optical Communications, Chinese Academy of Sciences, School of Information Science and Technology, University of Science and Technology of China, No. 96 Jinzhai Road, Hefei, Anhui 230027, China
2Department of Detection, Nanjing Forest Police College, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210023, China

Received 11 December 2014; Accepted 15 April 2015

Academic Editor: Mustapha Zidi

Copyright © 2015 Zilong Zhang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Spectral efficient transmission techniques are necessary and promising for future broadband wireless communications, where the quality of service (QoS) and/or max-min fair (MMF) of intended users are often considered simultaneously. In this paper, both the QoS problem and the MMF problem are investigated together for transmit beamforming in broadband multigroup multicast channels with frequency-selective fading characters. We first present a basic algorithm by directly using the results in frequency-flat multigroup multicast systems (Karipidis et al., 2008), namely, the approximation algorithms in this paper, for both problems, respectively. Due to high computational consumption nature of the approximation algorithms, two reduced-complexity algorithms for each of the two problems are proposed separately by introducing the time-frequency correlations. In addition, parameters in the new time-frequency formulations, such as the number of optimization matrix variables and the taps of the beamformer with finite impulse response (FIR) structure, can be used to make a reasonable tradeoff between computational burden and system performance. Insights into the relationship between the two problems and some analytical results of the computational complexity of the proposed algorithms are also studied carefully. Numerical simulations indicate the efficiency of the proposed algorithms.