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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2015, Article ID 654865, 6 pages
Research Article

Fast Maximum-Likelihood Decoder for Quasi-Orthogonal Space-Time Block Code

1Department of Electrical Engineering, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, P.O. Box 76169-133, Kerman, Iran
2Advanced Communications Research Institute, Sharif University of Technology, P.O. Box 11365-9363, Tehran, Iran

Received 8 February 2015; Accepted 13 April 2015

Academic Editor: Sergio Preidikman

Copyright © 2015 Adel Ahmadi and Siamak Talebi. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Motivated by the decompositions of sphere and QR-based methods, in this paper we present an extremely fast maximum-likelihood (ML) detection approach for quasi-orthogonal space-time block code (QOSTBC). The proposed algorithm with a relatively simple design exploits structure of quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) constellations to achieve its goal and can be extended to any arbitrary constellation. Our decoder utilizes a new decomposition technique for ML metric which divides the metric into independent positive parts and a positive interference part. Search spaces of symbols are substantially reduced by employing the independent parts and statistics of noise. Symbols within the search spaces are successively evaluated until the metric is minimized. Simulation results confirm that the proposed decoder’s performance is superior to many of the recently published state-of-the-art solutions in terms of complexity level. More specifically, it was possible to verify that application of the new algorithms with 1024-QAM would decrease the computational complexity compared to state-of-the-art solution with 16-QAM.