Table 2: The results of the 3D MAM [17], the 3DMM [19], and our proposed approach.
(a) Mean, standard deviation, median, and upper and lower quartile of the absolute error of yaw angle, on the BU-3DFE database

USF Human ID Absolute error °
MeanStdMedianQ25Q75

3D MAM4.303.513.351.716.08

BU-3DFEMeanStdMedianQ25Q75

Our approach3.284.212.651.254.69

(b) Mean, standard deviation, median, and upper and lower quartile of the absolute error of yaw angle, on the FacePix database

FacePixAbsolute error °
MeanStdMedianQ25Q75

3DMM4.893.154.482.157.06
3D-MAM6.294.154.622.308.57
Our approach4.634.913.821.436.59