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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2015, Article ID 823720, 9 pages
Research Article

Locating High-Impedance Fault Section in Electric Power Systems Using Wavelet Transform, -Means, Genetic Algorithms, and Support Vector Machine

Department of Electrical Engineering, Chung Yuan Christian University, 200 Chung Pei Road, Chung Li 320, Taiwan

Received 22 July 2014; Accepted 14 November 2014

Academic Editor: Vishal Bhatnaga

Copyright © 2015 Ying-Yi Hong and Wei-Shun Huang. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


High-impedance faults (HIFs) caused by downed conductors in electric power systems are in general difficult to be detected using traditional protection relays due to small fault currents. The energized downed conductor can pose a safety risk to the public and cause a fire hazard. This paper presents a new method for locating the line (feeder) section of the HIF with the help of limited measurements in electric power systems. The discrete wavelet transform is used to extract the features of transients caused by HIFs. A modified -means algorithm associated with genetic algorithms is then utilized to determine the placement of measurement facilities. The signal energies attained by wavelet coefficients serve as inputs to the support vector machine for locating the HIF line section. The simulation results obtained from an 18-busbar distribution system show the applicability of the proposed method.