Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2015, Article ID 952049, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/952049
Research Article

A Force Sensorless Method for CFRP/Ti Stack Interface Detection during Robotic Orbital Drilling Operations

1The State Key Laboratory of Fluid Power Transmission and Control, College of Mechanical Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China
2AVIC Xi’an Aircraft Industry (Group) Company Ltd., Xi’an 710089, China
3Kunshan Industrial Technology Research Institute Co., Ltd., Kunshan 215347, China

Received 27 March 2015; Accepted 10 August 2015

Academic Editor: Robert Gao

Copyright © 2015 Qiang Fang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. D. Kim and M. Ramulu, “Drilling process optimization for graphite/bismaleimide-titanium alloy stacks,” Composite Structures, vol. 63, no. 1, pp. 101–114, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. M. Ramulu, T. Branson, and D. Kim, “A study on the drilling of composite and titanium stacks,” Composite Structures, vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 67–77, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  3. D. Che, I. Saxena, P. Han, P. Guo, and K. F. Ehmann, “Machining of carbon fiber reinforced plastics/polymers: a literature review,” Journal of Manufacturing Science and Engineering, vol. 136, no. 3, Article ID 034001, 22 pages, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. D. Liu, Y. Tang, and W. L. Cong, “A review of mechanical drilling for composite laminates,” Composite Structures, vol. 94, no. 4, pp. 1265–1279, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. E. O. Ezugwu and Z. M. Wang, “Titanium alloys and their machinability—a review,” Journal of Materials Processing Technology, vol. 68, no. 3, pp. 262–274, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  6. P. F. Zhang, N. J. Churi, Z. J. Pei, and C. Treadwell, “Mechanical drilling processes for titanium alloys: a literature review,” Machining Science and Technology, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 417–444, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. I. S. Shyha, D. K. Aspinwall, S. L. Soo, and S. Bradley, “Drill geometry and operating effects when cutting small diameter holes in CFRP,” International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, vol. 49, no. 12-13, pp. 1008–1014, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. I. S. Shyha, S. L. Soo, D. K. Aspinwall et al., “Hole quality assessment following drilling of metallic-composite stacks,” International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, vol. 51, no. 7-8, pp. 569–578, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. X. Wang, P. Y. Kwon, C. Sturtevant, D. D.-W. Kim, and J. Lantrip, “Comparative tool wear study based on drilling experiments on CFRp/Ti stack and its individual layers,” Wear, vol. 317, no. 1-2, pp. 265–276, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. E. Brinksmeier and R. Janssen, “Drilling of multi-layer composite materials consisting of carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP), titanium and aluminum alloys,” CIRP Annals—Manufacturing Technology, vol. 51, no. 1, pp. 87–90, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. R. Zitoune, V. Krishnaraj, and F. Collombet, “Study of drilling of composite material and aluminium stack,” Composite Structures, vol. 92, no. 5, pp. 1246–1255, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. V. Krishnaraj, A. Prabukarthi, M. Santhosh, M. Senthilkumar, and R. Zitoune, “Optimization of machining parameters in CFRP/Ti stacks drilling,” in Proceedings of the ASME International Manufacturing Science and Engineering Conference, Paper no. MSEC2012-7216, pp. 269–275, Notre Dame, Ind, USA, June 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. K.-H. Park, A. Beal, D. D.-W. Kim, P. Kwon, and J. Lantrip, “Tool wear in drilling of composite/titanium stacks using carbide and polycrystalline diamond tools,” Wear, vol. 271, no. 11-12, pp. 2826–2835, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. R. Neugebauer, U. Ben-Hanan, S. Ihlenfeldt, M. Wabner, and A. Stoll, “Acoustic emission as a tool for identifying drill position in fiber-reinforced plastic and aluminum stacks,” International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, vol. 57, pp. 20–26, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. C. H. Lauro, L. C. Brandão, D. Baldo, R. A. Reis, and J. P. Davim, “Monitoring and processing signal applied in machining processes—a review,” Measurement, vol. 58, pp. 73–86, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. R. Teti, K. Jemielniak, G. O'Donnell, and D. Dornfeld, “Advanced monitoring of machining operations,” CIRP Annals—Manufacturing Technology, vol. 59, no. 2, pp. 717–739, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. T.-Y. Kim, J. Woo, D. Shin, and J. Kim, “Indirect cutting force measurement in multi-axis simultaneous NC milling processes,” International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, vol. 39, no. 11, pp. 1717–1731, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. M. Dölen, B. Kaftanoglu, and R. D. Lorenz, “A cutting force estimator for CNC machining centers,” CIRP Annals—Manufacturing Technology, vol. 53, no. 1, pp. 313–316, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. S. Tönissen, R. Koike, Y. Kakinuma, T. Aoyama, and F. Klocke, “Monitoring of tool collision in drilling by disturbance observer,” CIRP Journal of Manufacturing Science and Technology, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 274–282, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. Y. Kakinuma and T. Kamigochi, “External sensor-less tool contact detection by cutting force observer,” Procedia CIRP, vol. 2, pp. 44–48, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. X. Li, A. Djordjevich, and P. K. Venuvinod, “Current-sensor-based feed cutting force intelligent estimation and tool wear condition monitoring,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 47, no. 3, pp. 697–702, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. S. N. Huang, K. K. Tan, Y. S. Wong, C. W. de Silva, H. L. Goh, and W. W. Tan, “Tool wear detection and fault diagnosis based on cutting force monitoring,” International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, vol. 47, no. 3-4, pp. 444–451, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. T. Yoneoka, Y. Kakinuma, K. Ohnishi, and T. Aoyama, “Disturbance observer-based in-process detection and suppression of chatter vibration,” Procedia CIRP, vol. 1, pp. 44–49, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. H. Kihlman, I. Eriksson, and M. Ennis, “Robotic orbital drilling of structures for aerospace applications,” SAE Technical Paper 2002-01-2636, SAE International, Warrendale, Pa, USA, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  25. Q. Zhang, “Adaptive observer for multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) linear time-varying systems,” IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control, vol. 47, no. 3, pp. 525–529, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet · View at Scopus
  26. A. Xu and Q. Zhang, Global Adaptive Observer for a Class of Nonlinear Systems, 2001, https://hal.inria.fr/inria-00072341/document.
  27. Q. Zhang and A. Clavel, “Adaptive observer with exponential forgetting factor for linear time varying systems,” in Proceedings of the 40th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control (CDC '01), vol. 4, pp. 3886–3891, December 2001. View at Scopus