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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 956827, 11 pages
Research Article

High Performance Computation of a Jet in Crossflow by Lattice Boltzmann Based Parallel Direct Numerical Simulation

1State Key Laboratory for Strength and Vibration of Mechanical Structures, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, China
2School of Mechanical Engineering, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an 710049, China

Received 19 September 2014; Accepted 26 January 2015

Academic Editor: Reyolando M. Brasil

Copyright © 2015 Jiang Lei et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Direct numerical simulation (DNS) of a round jet in crossflow based on lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) is carried out on multi-GPU cluster. Data parallel SIMT (single instruction multiple thread) characteristic of GPU matches the parallelism of LBM well, which leads to the high efficiency of GPU on the LBM solver. With present GPU settings (6 Nvidia Tesla K20M), the present DNS simulation can be completed in several hours. A grid system of 1.5 × 108 is adopted and largest jet Reynolds number reaches 3000. The jet-to-free-stream velocity ratio is set as 3.3. The jet is orthogonal to the mainstream flow direction. The validated code shows good agreement with experiments. Vortical structures of CRVP, shear-layer vortices and horseshoe vortices, are presented and analyzed based on velocity fields and vorticity distributions. Turbulent statistical quantities of Reynolds stress are also displayed. Coherent structures are revealed in a very fine resolution based on the second invariant of the velocity gradients.