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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2016, Article ID 3070265, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/3070265
Research Article

Research on Mathematical Model of Composite Micromachining of Laser and Electrolysis Based on the Electrolyte Fluid

1School of Mechanical Engineering, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210094, China
2School of Mechanical Engineering, Shenyang Ligong University, Shenyang 110159, China
3School of Information Science and Engineering, Shenyang Ligong University, Shenyang 110159, China

Received 25 September 2015; Revised 16 February 2016; Accepted 17 February 2016

Academic Editor: Francesco Franco

Copyright © 2016 Aixi Sun et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A new technology of composite micromachining of laser and electrolysis is presented through a combination of technological advantages of laser processing and electrolytic machining. The implication of its method is that laser processing efficiently removes metallic materials and that pulse electrolytic machining removes recast layer and controls shape precisely. Machining accuracy and efficiency can be improved. The impacts that electrolyte fluid effectively cools the microstructure edge in the laser machining process and that gas-liquid two-phase flow makes the electrolyte conductivity produce uneven distribution in the electrolytic processing are considered. Some approximate assumptions are proposed on the actual conditions of machining process. The mathematical model of composite micromachining of laser and electrolysis based on the electrolyte fluid is built. The validity of the model can be verified by experimentation. The experimental results show that processing accuracy meets accuracy requirements which are ±0.05 mm. Machining efficiency increases more than 20 percent compared to electrolytic processing.