Table 2: Forecasting error results with different forecasting horizons.

HorizonWind turbineError typeEMD-SVMEMD-GA-SVMEMD-CS-SVMEMD-FA-SVMEMD-SDCS-SVMHorizonWind turbineError typeEMD-SVMEMD-GA-SVMEMD-CS-SVMEMD-FA-SVMEMD-SDCS-SVM

1-step-ahead#1MSE0.67980.67980.67980.64600.63824-step-ahead#1MSE0.92620.92620.92621.54200.7883
MAPE4.69374.69374.69374.9244.4052MAPE6.38546.38546.38547.103%5.5685
#2MSE0.86280.82260.85340.92620.7959#2MSE1.2561.05241.13390.91471.011
MAPE6.00935.81845.96025.3275.597MAPE8.20167.2797.80736.1976.8343
#3MSE0.82560.79070.83040.95530.803#3MSE1.09140.96761.11721.11851.0714
MAPE5.54315.28765.57656.2345.2886MAPE7.20596.47167.30046.8976.8158
#4MSE0.86570.85140.90650.74010.8135#4MSE1.16891.10941.34191.07541.0149
MAPE5.57085.51015.81965.4935.1737MAPE6.88886.5267.78316.548%6.0562

2-step-ahead#1MSE0.77070.77070.77070.99320.71846-step-ahead#1MSE0.99820.99820.99821.86790.8342
MAPE5.39445.39445.39445.0065.0049MAPE6.95686.95686.95689.4355.898
#2MSE1.00910.92420.98060.74370.8885#2MSE1.48051.08561.21662.20421.0627
MAPE6.89876.48776.79385.8926.0704MAPE8.91187.67228.37328.378%7.0088
#3MSE0.88760.82590.89631.27460.8674#3MSE1.15050.96881.16151.76281.0857
MAPE5.92995.54045.93397.0695.5753MAPE7.89686.6437.90656.9106.949
#4MSE0.99160.95581.09461.08910.8804#4MSE1.21471.05371.53622.80530.981
MAPE6.28545.89336.87986.5875.4089MAPE7.37856.4238.98688.5326.1465