Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2016, Article ID 5178136, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/5178136
Research Article

Research on Maritime Radio Wave Multipath Propagation Based on Stochastic Ray Method

1College of Information Science & Technology, Hainan University, 58 Renmin Avenue, Haikou, Hainan 570228, China
2FITM, City University of Macau, Choi Kai Yan Building, Taipa, Macau

Received 24 January 2016; Revised 8 May 2016; Accepted 22 May 2016

Academic Editor: Yuri Vladimirovich Mikhlin

Copyright © 2016 Han Wang and Wencai Du. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. L. E. Braten, M. Rytir, and P. A. Grotthing, “One year of 20 GHz satellite measurement data from a nordic maritime environment,” in Proceeding of the 9th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation, pp. 1–5, Lisbon, Portugal, April 2015.
  2. F. Clazzer, A. Munari, M. Berioli et al., “On the characterization of AIS traffic at the satellite,” in Proceeding of OCEANS Conference Oceanic Engineering Society and Marine Technology Society, pp. 1–9, Taipei, Taiwan, April 2014.
  3. K. Maliatsos, P. Constantinou, P. Dallas, and M. Ikonomou, “Measuring and modeling the wideband mobile channel for above the sea propagation paths,” in Proceedings of the 1st European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP '06), pp. 1–6, Nice, France, November 2006. View at Scopus
  4. I. J. Timmins and S. O'Young, “Marine communications channel modeling using the finite-difference time domain method,” IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, vol. 58, no. 6, pp. 2626–2637, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. K. Yang, T. Røste, F. Bekkadal, and T. Ekman, “Channel characterization including path loss and Doppler effects with sea reflections for mobile radio propagation over sea at 2 GHz,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Wireless Communications and Signal Processing (WCSP '10), pp. 1–6, IEEE, Suzhou, China, October 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. W. Hubert, Y.-M. Le Roux, M. Ney, and A. Flamand, “Impact of ship motions on maritime radio links,” International Journal of Antennas and Propagation, vol. 2012, Article ID 507094, 6 pages, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. F. Huang, Y. Bai, and W. Du, “Maritime radio propagation with the effects of ship motions,” Journal of Communications, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 345–351, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. H. Wang, W. Du, and X. Chen, “Evaluation of radio over sea propagation based ITU-R recommendation P.1546-5,” Journal of Communications, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 231–237, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. K. Maliatsos, P. Loulis, M. Chronopoulos, P. Constantinou, P. Dallas, and M. Ikonomou, “Experimental small scale fading results for mobile channels over the sea,” in Proceedings of the IEEE 17th International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications (PIMRC '06), pp. 1–5, Helsinki, Finland, September 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. J. C. Reyes-Guerrero and L. A. Mariscal, “Experimental time dispersion parameters of wireless channels over sea at 5.8 GHz,” in Proceedings of the 54th International Symposium (ELMAR '12), pp. 89–92, Zadar, Croatia, September 2012. View at Scopus
  11. K. Yang, T. Roste, F. Bekkadal, and T. Ekman, “Experimental multipath delay profile of mobile radio channels over sea at 2 GHz,” in Proceedings of the Loughborough Antennas and Propagation Conference (LAPC '12), pp. 1–4, Loughborough, UK, November 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. K.-B. Kim, J.-H. Lee, S.-O. Park, and M. Ali, “Experimental study of propagation characteristic for maritime wireless communication,” in Proceedings of the 17th International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation (ISAP '12), pp. 1481–1484, IEEE, Nagoys, Japan, November 2012. View at Scopus
  13. J. Mansukhani and S. Chakrabarti, “Small scale characterization of marine channel using the finite-difference time domain method,” in Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Computing, Communication and Networking Technologies (ICCCNT '12), pp. 1–7, Coimbatore, India, July 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. G. Franceschetti, S. Marano, and F. Palmieri, “Propagation without wave equation toward an urban area model,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 47, no. 9, pp. 1393–1404, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet · View at Scopus
  15. S. Marano and M. Franceschetti, “Ray propagation in a random lattice: a maximum entropy, anomalous diffusion process,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 53, no. 6, pp. 1888–1896, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. A. Martini, M. Franceschetti, and A. Massa, “Stochastic ray propagation in stratified random lattices,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 6, pp. 232–235, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. L.-Q. Hu, Z.-B. Wang, and H.-B. Zhu, “Applications of stochastic bridge processes to modeling space-time characteristics of short range wireless propagation channels,” Journal of Electronics and Information Technology, vol. 29, no. 8, pp. 1934–1937, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. T. M. Cover and J. A. Thomas, Elements of Information Theory, chapter 11, Wiley, New York, NY, USA, 1991.