Mathematical Problems in Engineering / 2016 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

The Effects of the Emission Cost on Route Choices of International Container Ships

Table 2

Emission factors by sailing speed.

Engine typeYear built

Main engine (g/kW h)
SSDBefore 200018.110.161.05
SSDAfter 20001710.161.05
MSDBefore 20001410.161.11
MSDAfter 20001310.161.11
HSD12.710.161.11

Note: SSD: slow speed diesel; MSD: medium speed diesel; HSD: high speed diesel.
Sources: Entec [23], Lloyd’s Register [24], USEPA [20], and Yau et al. [22].

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