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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2016, Article ID 7467498, 13 pages
Research Article

Simulation-Based Optimization for Yard Design at Mega Container Terminal under Uncertainty

State Key Laboratory of Coastal and Offshore Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, China

Received 19 May 2016; Accepted 30 August 2016

Academic Editor: Ricardo Aguilar-López

Copyright © 2016 Yong Zhou et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The conventional approach of designing a container yard should be reexamined in the context of sustainable port development. Considering the uncertain future throughput, a simulation-based optimization framework is proposed to obtain a cost-effective and reliable design solution to the physical layout and equipment deployment strategy of the yard at a mega container terminal. In this framework, a two-stage stochastic programming model is presented aided with a simulation procedure of terminal operations. Finally, an application is given and the results show that the proposed integrated decision framework is effective and helpful for optimizing container yard design in the context of sustainable development of container terminals.