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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2016, Article ID 8395751, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/8395751
Research Article

A New Hybrid Approach for Wind Speed Prediction Using Fast Block Least Mean Square Algorithm and Artificial Neural Network

Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Anadolu University, Eskisehir, Turkey

Received 13 April 2016; Revised 4 September 2016; Accepted 15 September 2016

Academic Editor: Alessandro Mauro

Copyright © 2016 Ummuhan Basaran Filik. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A new hybrid wind speed prediction approach, which uses fast block least mean square (FBLMS) algorithm and artificial neural network (ANN) method, is proposed. FBLMS is an adaptive algorithm which has reduced complexity with a very fast convergence rate. A hybrid approach is proposed which uses two powerful methods: FBLMS and ANN method. In order to show the efficiency and accuracy of the proposed approach, seven-year real hourly collected wind speed data sets belonging to Turkish State Meteorological Service of Bozcaada and Eskisehir regions are used. Two different ANN structures are used to compare with this approach. The first six-year data is handled as a train set; the remaining one-year hourly data is handled as test data. Mean absolute error (MAE) and root mean square error (RMSE) are used for performance evaluations. It is shown for various cases that the performance of the new hybrid approach gives better results than the different conventional ANN structure.