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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2016, Article ID 8702970, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/8702970
Research Article

A Hybrid Approach for Fault Diagnosis of Railway Rolling Bearings Using STWD-EMD-GA-LSSVM

1School of Machine-Electricity and Automobile Engineering, Beijing University of Civil Engineering Architecture, Beijing 100044, China
2Beijing Key Laboratory of Performance Guarantee on Urban Rail Transit Vehicles, Beijing University of Civil Engineering Architecture, Beijing 100044, China
3Subway Operation Technology Centre, Mass Transit Railway Operation Corporation Ltd., Beijing 102208, China

Received 16 September 2015; Accepted 29 February 2016

Academic Editor: Yongjun Shen

Copyright © 2016 Dechen Yao et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Vibration signals resulting from railway rolling bearings are nonstationary by nature; this paper proposes a hybrid approach for the fault diagnosis of railway rolling bearings using segment threshold wavelet denoising (STWD), empirical mode decomposition (EMD), genetic algorithm (GA), and least squares support vector machine (LSSVM). The original signal is first denoised using STWD as a prefilter, which improves the subsequent decomposition into a number of intrinsic mode functions (IMFs) using EMD. Secondly, the IMF energy-torques are extracted as feature parameters. Concurrently, a GA is employed to optimize the LSSVM to improve the classification accuracy. Finally, the extracted features are used as inputs for classification by the GA-LSSVM. Actual railway rolling bearing vibration signals are used to experimentally verify the effectiveness of the proposed method. The results show that the novel method is effective and accurate for fault diagnosis of railway rolling bearings.