Table 5: The annual change rate (%) of the 17 LULC secondary classes during 2000–2009, 2009–2015, and 2000–2015 in the study area. Positive (negative) value indicates increasing (decreasing) trend over the time period.

LULC classesAnnual rate of change (%)
2000–20092009–20152000–2015

Bare9.65−7.060.52
Dry land1.170.921.11
Dense grass−1.9710.622.31
Forest−6.3722.720.05
Irrigation land6.300.474.07
Moderate grass−0.12−3.85−1.59
Other forest0.30−4.95−1.86
Paddy−6.2024.400.59
Rural settlement1.472.472.00
Salina15.51−13.29−3.43
Sandy land−2.89−2.61−2.51
Shrub5.33−4.450.57
Sparse grass−0.708.082.61
Tidal−1.428.161.99
Urban built-up area1.371.661.57
Water−7.70−2.03−4.87
Swampland1.80−10.38−3.74