Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 1458591, 9 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/1458591
Research Article

Investigation of Velocity Distribution in Open Channel Flows Based on Conditional Average of Turbulent Structures

1College of Water Resources & Civil Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China
2School of Civil, Mining & Environmental Engineering, University of Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia

Correspondence should be addressed to Yu Han; ua.ude.liamwou@619hy and Liu-Chao Qiu; nc.ude.uac@oahcuiluiq

Received 4 January 2017; Accepted 24 April 2017; Published 29 May 2017

Academic Editor: Jian G. Zhou

Copyright © 2017 Yu Han et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. H. Afzalimehr and F. Anctil, “Velocity distribution and shear velocity behaviour of decelerating flows over a gravel bed,” Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 468–475, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. Y. Han, S.-Q. Yang, N. Dharmasiri, and M. Sivakumar, “Effects of sample size and concentration of seeding in LDA measurements on the velocity bias in open channel flow,” Flow Measurement and Instrumentation, vol. 38, pp. 92–97, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. T. Stoesser, R. McSherry, and B. Fraga, “Secondary currents and turbulence over a non-uniformly roughened open-channel bed,” Water (Switzerland), vol. 7, no. 9, pp. 4896–4913, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. Y. Han, S.-Q. Yang, N. Dharmasiri, and M. Sivakumar, “Experimental study of smooth channel flow division based on velocity distribution,” Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, vol. 141, no. 4, Article ID 06014025, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. S.-Q. Yang, S.-K. Tan, S.-Y. Lim, and S.-F. Zhang, “Velocity distribution in combined wave-current flows,” Advances in Water Resources, vol. 29, no. 8, pp. 1196–1208, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. R. Absi, “An ordinary differential equation for velocity distribution and dip-phenomenon in open channel flows,” Journal of Hydraulic Research, vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 82–89, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. A. J. Smits, B. J. McKeon, and I. Marusic, “High-Reynolds number wall turbulence,” Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 43, pp. 353–375, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. I. Nezu, “Open-channel flow turbulence and its research prospect in the 21st century,” Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, vol. 131, no. 4, pp. 229–246, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. D. Coles, “The law of the wake in the turbulent boundary layer,” Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 1, pp. 191–226, 1956. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet · View at Scopus
  10. A. H. Cardoso, W. H. Graf, and G. Gust, “Uniform flow in a smooth open channel,” Journal of Hydraulic Research, vol. 27, no. 5, pp. 603–616, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. B. A. Kironoto, W. H. Graf, and Reynolds, “Turbulence characteristics in rough non-uniform open-channel flow,” Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Water and Maritime Engineering, vol. 112, no. 4, pp. 336–348, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. J. Guo and P. Y. Julien, “Modified log-wake law for turbulent flow in smooth pipes,” Journal of Hydraulic Research, vol. 41, no. 5, pp. 493–501, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. S.-Q. Yang, S.-Y. Lim, and J. A. McCorquodale, “Investigation of near wall velocity in 3-D smooth channel flows,” Journal of Hydraulic Research, vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 149–157, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. N. L. Coleman, “Effects of Suspended Sediment on the Open‐Channel Velocity Distribution,” Water Resources Research, vol. 22, no. 10, pp. 1377–1384, 1986. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. I. Nezu and W. Rodi, “Open-channel flow measurements with a laser doppler anemometer,” Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, vol. 112, no. 5, pp. 335–355, 1986. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. M. S. Kirkgöz, “Turbulent velocity profiles for smooth and rough open channel flow,” Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, vol. 115, no. 11, pp. 1543–1561, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. S.-Q. Yang and J. A. McCorquodale, “Determination of boundary shear stress and Reynolds shear stress in smooth rectangular channel flows,” Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, vol. 130, no. 5, pp. 458–462, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. S.-Q. Yang, S.-K. Tan, and S.-Y. Lim, “Velocity distribution and dip-phenomenon in smooth uniform open channel flows,” Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, vol. 130, no. 12, pp. 1179–1186, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. I. Nezu and H. E. D. Nakagawa, Turbulence in Open-Channel Flows, Balkema, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 1993.
  20. H. Bonakdari, F. Larrarte, L. Lassabatere, and C. Joannis, “Turbulent velocity profile in fully-developed open channel flows,” Environmental Fluid Mechanics, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 1–17, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. R. Absi, “Comments on "turbulent velocity profile in fully-developed open channel flows",” Environmental Fluid Mechanics, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 389–394, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. J. H. Pu, H. Bonakdari, L. Lassabatère, C. Joannis, and F. Larrarte, “Profil de vitesses turbulent : une nouvelle loi pour les canaux étroits,” La Houille Blanche, no. 3, pp. 65–70, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  23. H. Afzalimehr, R. Moghbel, J. Gallichand, and J. Sui, “Investigation of turbulence characteristics in channel with dense vegetation,” International Journal of Sediment Research, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 269–282, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. M. Cellino and U. Lemmin, “Influence of coherent flow structures on the dynamics of suspended sediment transport in open-channel flow,” Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, vol. 130, no. 11, pp. 1077–1088, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. S.-Q. Yang, “Conditionally averaged turbulent structures in 2D channel flow,” Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Water Management, vol. 163, no. 2, pp. 79–88, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus