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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2017, Article ID 3095347, 13 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/3095347
Research Article

Design and Validation of Real-Time Optimal Control with ECMS to Minimize Energy Consumption for Parallel Hybrid Electric Vehicles

1School of Mechatronics, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an 710072, China
2Henan Collaborative Innovation Center of Machinery Equipment Advanced Manufacturing, Henan University of Science and Technology, Luoyang 471003, China
3School of Mechatronics Engineering, Henan University of Science and Technology, Luoyang 471003, China
4School of Information Engineering, Henan University of Science and Technology, Luoyang 471023, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Xiaozhong Deng; nc.ude.tsuah@duolcelgae

Received 27 September 2016; Accepted 13 December 2016; Published 26 January 2017

Academic Editor: Michele Betti

Copyright © 2017 Aiyun Gao et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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