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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 4047983, 10 pages
Research Article

A Signal Processing Algorithm Based on 2D Matched Filtering for SSAR

School of Electronics and Information, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an 710072, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Shouguo Yang

Received 16 April 2017; Revised 26 October 2017; Accepted 8 November 2017; Published 26 December 2017

Academic Editor: Yann Favennec

Copyright © 2017 Shouguo Yang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This study discusses a smart radar antenna scanning mode that combines features of both the sector-scan mode used for conventional radar and the line-scan mode used for synthetic aperture radar (SAR) and achieves an application of the synthetic aperture technique in the conventional sector-scan (mechanically scanned) radar, and we refer to this mode as sector-scan synthetic aperture radar (SSAR). The mathematical model is presented based on the principle of SSAR, and a signal processing algorithm is proposed based on the idea of two-dimensional (2D) matched filtering. The influences of the line-scan range and speed on the SSAR system are analyzed, and the solution to the problem that the target velocity is very high is given. The performance of the proposed algorithm is evaluated through computer simulations. The simulation results indicate that the proposed signal processing algorithm of SSAR can gather the signal energy of targets, thereby improving the ability to detect dim targets.