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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2017, Article ID 8524078, 23 pages
Research Article

Design Analysis and Observed Performance of a Tieback Anchored Pile Wall in Sand

1School of Resource & Civil Engineering, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819, China
2China Railway Design Corporation, Tianjin 300142, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Wen Zhao; moc.361@uennew

Received 17 July 2017; Accepted 29 November 2017; Published 27 December 2017

Academic Editor: Yakov Strelniker

Copyright © 2017 Jian-Yong Han et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This paper aims to study the design process and service performance of a deep excavation supported by tieback anchored pile walls. The design procedure and design approaches for deep excavation in China are described. Based on the excavation case history for Shenyang, China, design results obtained using the elastic method and the finite element method (FEM) are compared and analyzed. Special emphasis is given to the analysis of horizontal wall deformations, internal forces in the wall, earth pressures on the wall, ground surface settlements, and stabilities of the excavation. The similarities and differences between the Chinese code (JGJ 120-2012) and the European code (EN 1997-1) for the design of geotechnical structures are presented based on a design example. Through the comparison, it is indicated that the Chinese code focuses on the design result, while the European code focuses on the design process. The crucial construction methods for reducing construction risk based on the excavation case history are described. The mechanical behaviors of the excavation retained by an anchored pile wall were investigated by analyzing observed field cases. The results provide good, practical guidelines for the design and construction of a tieback anchored pile wall retained excavation in sandy soil.