Mathematical Problems in Engineering / 2018 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Optimal Design of Submarine Pipelines by a Genetic Algorithm with Embedded On-Bottom Stability Criteria

Table 2

Hard criteria and violation functions.

Hard criteriaViolation function

Interference with Level 2 and Level 3 obstacles
Severity: weight factor assigned to each level
Self-Crossing  (23)
Minimum length of straight sections
Activated whenever one or more straight sections have length lower than
Minimum radius of curvature
Activated whenever a curve has radius lower than