Mathematical Problems in Engineering / 2018 / Article / Fig 19

Research Article

DEM Investigation of Particle-Scale Mechanical Properties of Frozen Soil Based on the Nonlinear Microcontact Model Incorporating Rolling Resistance

Figure 19

Energy evolution under different contact stiffness ratios: (a) boundary energy; (b) bonding energy; (c) strain energy; (d) frictional energy; (e) rolling energy; and (f) kinetic energy.

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