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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2018 (2018), Article ID 2876980, 16 pages
Research Article

Study on the Rectification of Forebay in Pumping Station

1College of Hydrology and Water Resources, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, China
2College of Environment, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, China
3Shanghai YouWei Engineering Design Co., Ltd., Shanghai 200333, China
4School of Hydraulic, Energy and Power Engineering, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Weiwei Song; nc.ude.uhh@gnosiewiew

Received 19 August 2017; Revised 21 December 2017; Accepted 8 January 2018; Published 4 March 2018

Academic Editor: Giuseppe Vairo

Copyright © 2018 Weiwei Song et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The forebay of pumping stations is an important hydraulic structure that connects the channel with the inlet channel. Actual test observations and theoretical studies have shown that poor precursors produce backflow, vortex, and water flow disturbances in the forebay water. In this paper, taking a lateral inlet pump station as an example, we study the nonmeasures and five rectification measures—“Y” type diversion pier, “T” shaped diversion pier, narrow bottom hole, high and wide bottom, and diversion wall—through adopting the method of numerical simulation and model test. For the numerical simulation, the corresponding three-dimensional model is established by UG solid modeling software, and then the computational fluid is simulated numerically with CFX. Based on the analysis and comparison of the results during the test of numerical simulation and model test, the stability of the rectification measures is considered after taking into consideration the results of the uniformity test of the velocity distribution of the surface layer, the bottom layer, and the front section of each scheme. The proposed scheme (“T” diversion pier) is regarded as the pumping station flow control measures.