TY - JOUR
A2 - Kundalwal, Shailesh I.
AU - Zabulionis, Darius
AU - Lukoševičienė, Ona
AU - Kačianauskas, Rimantas
AU - Tumonis, Liudas
AU - Kliukas, Romualdas
PY - 2019
DA - 2019/04/10
TI - Stochastic Lattice Modelling of the Force-Displacement and Cracking Behaviour of the Steel Reinforced Tie
SP - 6340656
VL - 2019
AB - The stochastic modelling of the microcracking and the force-displacement behaviour of the tensile steel reinforced tie using the lattice model is presented in the current article. The three-dimension problem of the modelling of the tie is reduced to the two-dimensional so as the main stiffness parameters of the concrete and the reinforcement of the two-dimensional model would be the same as for the three-dimensional. The concrete and steel obey the Hook law. All elastic constants, as well as dimensions of the tie, were assumed as the deterministic quantities except for the critical concrete tensile strains which were treated as a two-dimensional stationary uncorrelated truncated Gaussian random field. The discrete element approach and the explicit integration scheme have been used for the modelling. The estimations of the main parameters of the force-displacement behaviour stochastic process and other statistical indexes were obtained using 72 realization of the force-displacement behaviour of a chosen model. Extra two stochastic realizations of the two different models, as well as three deterministic models, were modelled to compare stochastic and deterministic behaviour of the force-displacement behaviour. The analysis showed that the force-displacement behaviour of the tie under tensile force cannot be treated as a Gaussian stochastic process when the p value is 0.05 at the small displacements and within the interval when the cracking of the concrete is very intensive. However, at the bigger displacements, when the cracking becomes less intensive, the tensile force can be treated as a Gaussian random variable.
SN - 1024-123X
UR - https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/6340656
DO - 10.1155/2019/6340656
JF - Mathematical Problems in Engineering
PB - Hindawi
KW -
ER -