Mathematical Problems in Engineering https://www.hindawi.com The latest articles from Hindawi © 2017 , Hindawi Limited . All rights reserved. Model for Selection of the Best Location Based on Fuzzy AHP and Hurwitz Methods Sun, 24 Sep 2017 00:00:00 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/mpe/2017/2803461/ The problem of evaluation and selection of parking lots is a part of significant issues of public transport management in cities. As population expands as well as urban areas, solving the mentioned issues affects employees, security and safety of citizens, and quality of life in long-time period. The aim of this paper is to propose a multicriteria decision model which includes both quantitative and qualitative criteria, which may be of either benefit or cost type, to evaluate locations. The criteria values and the importance of criteria are either precise or linguistic expressions defined by trapezoidal fuzzy numbers. The human judgments of the relative importance of evaluation criteria and uncertain criteria values are often vague and cannot be expressed by exact precise values. The ranking of locations with respect to all criteria and their weights is performed for various degrees of pessimistic-optimistic index. The proposed model is tested through an illustrative example with real life data, where it shows the practical implications in public communal enterprises. Slavko Arsovski, Gordana Todorovic, Zorica Lazić, Zora Arsovski, Nikolina Ljepava, and Aleksandar Aleksic Copyright © 2017 Slavko Arsovski et al. All rights reserved. Experimental and Analytical Study of Slender Reinforced Concrete Shear Wall under Cyclic In-Plane Lateral Load Sun, 24 Sep 2017 00:00:00 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/mpe/2017/4020563/ This study describes a slender reinforced concrete shear wall experimental test under in-plane cyclic lateral load, and the development of an analytical model which uses the fiber method approach to consider hysteretic nonlinear constitutive material models behavior. The shear wall tested had bending behavior, since the amount of longitudinal reinforcing bars produced weak bending capacity compared to the shear strength. The analytical model tries to represent global and local behavior of the wall, and its calibration is based on reaching experimental parameters like area enclosed and secant stiffness on every loop. After the analytical model was calibrated, the relation between some performance points and damage states observed during the test is studied. Diego Sosa, Diego Arévalo, E. David Mora, M. Belén Correa, Diego Albuja, and Christian Gómez Copyright © 2017 Diego Sosa et al. All rights reserved. Effect of Bridge-Pier Differential Settlement on the Dynamic Response of a High-Speed Railway Train-Track-Bridge System Sun, 24 Sep 2017 00:00:00 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/mpe/2017/8960628/ A model based on the theory of train-track-bridge coupling dynamics is built in the article to investigate how high-speed railway bridge pier differential settlement can affect various railway performance-related criteria. The performance of the model compares favorably with that of a 3D finite element model and train-track-bridge numerical model. The analysis of the study demonstrates that all the dynamic response for a span of 24 m is slightly larger than that for a span of 32 m. The wheel unloading rate increases with pier differential settlement for all of the calculation conditions considered, and its maximum value of 0.695 is well below the allowable limit. Meanwhile, the vertical acceleration increases with pier differential settlement and train speed, respectively, and the values for a pier differential settlement of 10 mm and speed of 350 km/h exceed the maximum allowable limit stipulated in the Chinese standards. On this basis, a speed limit for the exceeding pier differential settlement is determined for comfort consideration. Fasteners that had an initial tensile force due to pier differential settlement experience both compressive and tensile forces as the train passes through and are likely to have a lower service life than those which solely experience compressive forces. Xiaohui Zhang, Yao Shan, and Xinwen Yang Copyright © 2017 Xiaohui Zhang et al. All rights reserved. A Comparison of Different Shipment Policies in an Integrated Inventory System for Imperfect Quality Items with Inspection Errors Sun, 24 Sep 2017 00:00:00 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/mpe/2017/2109053/ Considering a production-ordering system where items are not perfect and quality screening is conducted with inspection errors, we develop integrated inventory models under different shipment policies and make a comprehensive comparison among them to select an optimal one, so as to improve the supply chain’s performance. It is assumed that all items classified as defective during the screening process are sold as a single batch at a discounted price at the end of this screening process; items returned from the market are accumulating; and all of them are stored and sold as a single batch at a discounted price at the end of the next screening process. All the numerical results show that the proportional size shipment policy is always optimal, except for one situation where the difference between the vendor’s and the buyer’s unit inventory holding costs is considerably large. Therefore, we mainly recommend the proportional size shipment policy. Yongwu Zhou, Xiong Zhang, and Zhaozhan Lin Copyright © 2017 Yongwu Zhou et al. All rights reserved. Tracking Maneuvering Group Target with Extension Predicted and Best Model Augmentation Method Adapted Sun, 24 Sep 2017 00:00:00 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/mpe/2017/5752870/ The random matrix (RM) method is widely applied for group target tracking. The assumption that the group extension keeps invariant in conventional RM method is not yet valid, as the orientation of the group varies rapidly while it is maneuvering; thus, a new approach with group extension predicted is derived here. To match the group maneuvering, a best model augmentation (BMA) method is introduced. The existing BMA method uses a fixed basic model set, which may lead to a poor performance when it could not ensure basic coverage of true motion modes. Here, a maneuvering group target tracking algorithm is proposed, where the group extension prediction and the BMA adaption are exploited. The performance of the proposed algorithm will be illustrated by simulation. Linhai Gan and Gang Wang Copyright © 2017 Linhai Gan and Gang Wang. All rights reserved. Corrigendum to “Hesitant Anti-Fuzzy Soft Set in BCK-Algebras” Sun, 24 Sep 2017 00:00:00 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/mpe/2017/6523784/ Noura Alshehri and Halimah Alshehri Copyright © 2017 Noura Alshehri and Halimah Alshehri. All rights reserved. Corrigendum to “Supervised and Unsupervised Subband Adaptive Denoising Frameworks with Polynomial Threshold Function” Sun, 24 Sep 2017 00:00:00 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/mpe/2017/6135312/ Tierui Gong, Zhijia Yang, Gengshan Wang, and Ping Jiao Copyright © 2017 Tierui Gong et al. All rights reserved. Stabilization of Stochastic Markovian Jump Systems with Partially Unknown Transition Probabilities and Multiplicative Noise Wed, 20 Sep 2017 08:22:17 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/mpe/2017/6194598/ We are concerned with the problems of stability and stabilization for stochastic Markovian jump systems subject to partially unknown transition probabilities and multiplicative noise, including the continuous- and discrete-time cases. Sufficient conditions guaranteeing systems considered to be asymptotically stable in the mean square are presented in the form of LMIs. Furthermore, the desired state feedback controllers are designed. It is shown that, by introducing the free-weighing matrix method, the results we have obtained not only are less conservative than the existing ones but also can be regarded as extensions of the corresponding results of Markovian jump systems without noise. Numerical examples are finally provided to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed theoretical results. Yong Zhao and You Fu Copyright © 2017 Yong Zhao and You Fu. All rights reserved. Generating Free-Form Grid Truss Structures from 3D Scanned Point Clouds Wed, 20 Sep 2017 00:00:00 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/mpe/2017/5818627/ Reconstruction, according to physical shape, is a novel way to generate free-form grid truss structures. 3D scanning is an effective means of acquiring physical form information and it generates dense point clouds on surfaces of objects. However, generating grid truss structures from point clouds is still a challenge. Based on the advancing front technique (AFT) which is widely used in Finite Element Method (FEM), a scheme for generating grid truss structures from 3D scanned point clouds is proposed in this paper. Based on the characteristics of point cloud data, the search box is adopted to reduce the search space in grid generating. A front advancing procedure suit for point clouds is established. Delaunay method and Laplacian method are used to improve the quality of the generated grids, and an adjustment strategy that locates grid nodes at appointed places is proposed. Several examples of generating grid truss structures from 3D scanned point clouds of seashells are carried out to verify the proposed scheme. Physical models of the grid truss structures generated in the examples are manufactured by 3D print, which solidifies the feasibility of the scheme. Hui Ding, Xian Xu, and Yaozhi Luo Copyright © 2017 Hui Ding et al. All rights reserved. A GODFIP Control Algorithm for an IRC Grain Dryer Wed, 20 Sep 2017 00:00:00 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/mpe/2017/1406292/ Drying is an energy intensive and complex nonlinear process and it is difficult to control and make the traditional control meet the challenges. In order to effectively control the output grain moisture content of a combined infrared radiation and convection (IRC) grain dryer, taking into account the superiority of the fuzzy control method in dealing with complex systems, in this article, a genetic optimization dual fuzzy immune PID (Proportional-Integral-Derivative) (GODFIP) controller was proposed from the aspects of energy savings, stability, accuracy, and rapidity. The structure of the GODFIP controller consists of two fuzzy controllers, a PID controller, an immune algorithm, and a genetic optimization algorithm. In addition, a NARX model which can give relatively good predictive output information of the IRC dryer was established and used to represent the actual drying process to verify the control performance in the control simulation and anti-interference tests. The effectiveness of this controller was demonstrated by computer simulations, and the anti-interference performance comparative study with the other controllers further confirmed the superiority of the proposed grain drying controller which has the least value of performance objective function, the shortest rising time, and the best anti-interference ability compared to the other three compared controllers. Aini Dai, Xiaoguang Zhou, and Xiangdong Liu Copyright © 2017 Aini Dai et al. All rights reserved. Dynamic Analysis of Functionally Graded Timoshenko Beams in Thermal Environment Using a Higher-Order Hierarchical Beam Element Wed, 20 Sep 2017 00:00:00 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/mpe/2017/7025750/ A higher-order finite beam element for free and forced vibration analysis of functionally graded Timoshenko beams in thermal environment is formulated by using hierarchical functions to interpolate the kinematic variables. The shear strain is constrained to constant to improve the efficiency of the element. The effect of environmental temperature is taken into account in the element derivation by considering that the material properties are temperature-dependent and the temperature is nonlinear distribution in the beam thickness. The accuracy of the derived formulation is confirmed by comparing the results obtained in the present work with the published data. Numerical investigations show that the formulated element is efficient, and it is capable of giving accurate vibration characteristics by a small number of elements. A parametric study is carried out to highlight the effect of the material inhomogeneity, temperature rise, and loading parameter on the dynamic behaviour of the beams. The influence of the aspect ratio on the dynamic behaviour of the beam is also examined and highlighted. Dinh Kien Nguyen and Van Tuyen Bui Copyright © 2017 Dinh Kien Nguyen and Van Tuyen Bui. All rights reserved. A Feeding Strategy in Inner L-Shape Ring Hot Rolling Process Tue, 19 Sep 2017 06:57:59 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/mpe/2017/4218289/ In order to make the inner L-shape ring polling process with a closed die structure (ILRRCDS) on the top and bottom of the driven roll stable, at first, this paper established the mathematical model for ILRRCDS. Then, the plastic penetration and biting-in conditions for ILRRCDS were deduced based on plain ring rolling theory. Moreover, a feeding strategy that can realize a constant growth of the ring’s outer radius was proposed and the reasonable value ranges of the feed rate of the mandrel were determined. The numerical simulation model for ILRRCDS is established based on ABAQUS software. Finally, the equivalent plastic strain (PEEQ) and temperature distributions of rolled ring were obtained. The results indicated that the proposed feeding strategy can realize a stable ILRRCDS. At the end of ILRRCDS, the PEEQ at the inner radius surface of the ring is maximum, the PEEQ at the outer radius surface of the ring takes the second place, and the PEEQ at the middle part of ring is minimum. With the increase of rolling time, the higher temperature zone of the rolled ring gradually moves from the center part of the ring to the “inner corner zone” of the ring. Wen Meng, Feifan Wang, and Yanjin Guan Copyright © 2017 Wen Meng et al. All rights reserved. Cascade Sliding Control for Trajectory Tracking of a Nonholonomic Mobile Robot with Adaptive Neural Compensator Tue, 19 Sep 2017 00:00:00 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/mpe/2017/8501098/ A design of sliding mode controllers (SMC) with adaptive capacity is presented. This control technique is formed by two cascaded SMC controllers, one of them having an adaptive neural compensator (ANC); both are put on a WMR (wheeled mobile robot). The mobile robot is divided into a kinematics and a dynamics structure; the first SMC controller acts only on the kinematic structure and the SMC with neural adaptive compensator on the other one. The dynamic SMC was designed applying an inverse dynamic controller and using the model dynamics of the WMR. The adaptive neural compensation (ANC) was used in order to reduce the control error caused by the dynamics variations but it conveys a residual approximation error, so a sliding part was designed to cancel such error. This technique allows achieving the control objective despite parameter variations and external disturbances that take place in the dynamics; on the other hand, the ANC can adjust its neural parameters to reduce the dynamics variations of the WMR and thus improve the trajectory tracking control. Problems of convergence and stability are treated and design rules based on Lyapunov’s theorem are given. Flavio Capraro, Francisco Guido Rossomando, Carlos Soria, and Gustavo Scaglia Copyright © 2017 Flavio Capraro et al. All rights reserved. On the Degrees of Freedom of Mixed Matrix Regression Mon, 18 Sep 2017 07:20:39 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/mpe/2017/6942865/ With the increasing prominence of big data in modern science, data of interest are more complex and stochastic. To deal with the complex matrix and vector data, this paper focuses on the mixed matrix regression model. We mainly establish the degrees of freedom of the underlying stochastic model, which is one of the important topics to construct adaptive selection criteria for efficiently selecting the optimal model fit. Under some mild conditions, we prove that the degrees of freedom of mixed matrix regression model are the sum of the degrees of freedom of Lasso and regularized matrix regression. Moreover, we establish the degrees of freedom of nuclear-norm regularization multivariate regression. Furthermore, we prove that the estimates of the degrees of freedom of the underlying models process the consistent property. Pan Shang and Lingchen Kong Copyright © 2017 Pan Shang and Lingchen Kong. All rights reserved. Neural Networks Approximator Based Robust Adaptive Controller Design of Hypersonic Flight Vehicles Systems Coupled with Stochastic Disturbance and Dynamic Uncertainties Mon, 18 Sep 2017 00:00:00 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/mpe/2017/7864375/ A neural network robust control is proposed for a class of generic hypersonic flight vehicles with uncertain dynamics and stochastic disturbance. Compared with the present schemes of dealing with dynamic uncertainties and stochastic disturbance, the outstanding feature of the proposed scheme is that only one parameter needs to be estimated at each design step, so that the computational burden can be greatly reduced and the designed controller is much simpler. Moreover, by introducing a performance function in controller design, the prespecified transient and performance of tracking error can be guaranteed. It is proved that all signals of closed-loop system are uniformly ultimately bounded. The simulation results are carried out to illustrate effectiveness of the proposed control algorithm. Guoqiang Zhu, Lingfang Sun, and Xiuyu Zhang Copyright © 2017 Guoqiang Zhu et al. All rights reserved. A Coordinate Descent Method for Total Variation Minimization Mon, 18 Sep 2017 00:00:00 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/mpe/2017/3012910/ Total variation (TV) is a well-known image model with extensive applications in various images and vision tasks, for example, denoising, deblurring, superresolution, inpainting, and compressed sensing. In this paper, we systematically study the coordinate descent (CoD) method for solving general total variation (TV) minimization problems. Based on multidirectional gradients representation, the proposed CoD method provides a unified solution for both anisotropic and isotropic TV-based denoising (CoDenoise). With sequential sweeping and small random perturbations, CoDenoise is efficient in denoising and empirically converges to optimal solution. Moreover, CoDenoise also delivers new perspective on understanding recursive weighted median filtering. By incorporating with the Augmented Lagrangian Method (ALM), CoD was further extended to TV-based image deblurring (ALMCD). The results on denoising and deblurring validate the efficiency and effectiveness of the CoD-based methods. Hong Deng, Dongwei Ren, Gang Xiao, David Zhang, and Wangmeng Zuo Copyright © 2017 Hong Deng et al. All rights reserved. Combined Heuristic Attack Strategy on Complex Networks Mon, 18 Sep 2017 00:00:00 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/mpe/2017/6108563/ Usually, the existence of a complex network is considered an advantage feature and efforts are made to increase its robustness against an attack. However, there exist also harmful and/or malicious networks, from social ones like spreading hoax, corruption, phishing, extremist ideology, and terrorist support up to computer networks spreading computer viruses or DDoS attack software or even biological networks of carriers or transport centers spreading disease among the population. New attack strategy can be therefore used against malicious networks, as well as in a worst-case scenario test for robustness of a useful network. A common measure of robustness of networks is their disintegration level after removal of a fraction of nodes. This robustness can be calculated as a ratio of the number of nodes of the greatest remaining network component against the number of nodes in the original network. Our paper presents a combination of heuristics optimized for an attack on a complex network to achieve its greatest disintegration. Nodes are deleted sequentially based on a heuristic criterion. Efficiency of classical attack approaches is compared to the proposed approach on Barabási-Albert, scale-free with tunable power-law exponent, and Erdős-Rényi models of complex networks and on real-world networks. Our attack strategy results in a faster disintegration, which is counterbalanced by its slightly increased computational demands. Marek Šimon, Iveta Dirgová Luptáková, Ladislav Huraj, Marián Hosťovecký, and Jiří Pospíchal Copyright © 2017 Marek Šimon et al. All rights reserved. A Parallel Biased Random-Key Genetic Algorithm with Multiple Populations Applied to Irregular Strip Packing Problems Sun, 17 Sep 2017 09:39:52 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/mpe/2017/1670709/ The irregular strip packing problem (ISPP) is a class of cutting and packing problem (C&P) in which a set of items with arbitrary formats must be placed in a container with a variable length. The aim of this work is to minimize the area needed to accommodate the given demand. ISPP is present in various types of industries from manufacturers to exporters (e.g., shipbuilding, clothes, and glass). In this paper, we propose a parallel Biased Random-Key Genetic Algorithm (µ-BRKGA) with multiple populations for the ISPP by applying a collision-free region (CFR) concept as the positioning method, in order to obtain an efficient and fast layout solution. The layout problem for the proposed algorithm is represented by the placement order into the container and the corresponding orientation. In order to evaluate the proposed (µ-BRKGA) algorithm, computational tests using benchmark problems were applied, analyzed, and compared with different approaches. Bonfim Amaro Júnior, Plácido Rogério Pinheiro, and Pedro Veras Coelho Copyright © 2017 Bonfim Amaro Júnior et al. All rights reserved. Constrained Quadratic Programming and Neurodynamics-Based Solver for Energy Optimization of Biped Walking Robots Sun, 17 Sep 2017 09:33:41 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/mpe/2017/6725427/ The application of biped robots is always trapped by their high energy consumption. This paper makes a contribution by optimizing the joint torques to decrease the energy consumption without changing the biped gaits. In this work, a constrained quadratic programming (QP) problem for energy optimization is formulated. A neurodynamics-based solver is presented to solve the QP problem. Differing from the existing literatures, the proposed neurodynamics-based energy optimization (NEO) strategy minimizes the energy consumption and guarantees the following three important constraints simultaneously: (i) the force-moment equilibrium equation of biped robots, (ii) frictions applied by each leg on the ground to hold the biped robot without slippage and tipping over, and (iii) physical limits of the motors. Simulations demonstrate that the proposed strategy is effective for energy-efficient biped walking. Liyang Wang, Ming Chen, Xiangkui Jiang, and Wei Wang Copyright © 2017 Liyang Wang et al. All rights reserved. Solving Boundary Value Problem for a Nonlinear Stationary Controllable System with Synthesizing Control Sun, 17 Sep 2017 08:57:50 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/mpe/2017/8529760/ An algorithm for constructing a control function that transfers a wide class of stationary nonlinear systems of ordinary differential equations from an initial state to a final state under certain control restrictions is proposed. The algorithm is designed to be convenient for numerical implementation. A constructive criterion of the desired transfer possibility is presented. The problem of an interorbital flight is considered as a test example and it is simulated numerically with the presented method. Alexander N. Kvitko, Oksana S. Firyulina, and Alexey S. Eremin Copyright © 2017 Alexander N. Kvitko et al. All rights reserved. A Method for Stability Analysis of Periodic Delay Differential Equations with Multiple Time-Periodic Delays Sun, 17 Sep 2017 00:00:00 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/mpe/2017/9490142/ Delay differential equations (DDEs) are widely utilized as the mathematical models in engineering fields. In this paper, a method is proposed to analyze the stability characteristics of periodic DDEs with multiple time-periodic delays. Stability charts are produced for two typical examples of time-periodic DDEs about milling chatter, including the variable-spindle speed milling system with one-time-periodic delay and variable pitch cutter milling system with multiple delays. The simulations show that the results gained by the proposed method are in close agreement with those existing in the past literature. This indicates the effectiveness of our method in terms of time-periodic DDEs with multiple time-periodic delays. Moreover, for milling processes, the proposed method further provides a generalized algorithm, which possesses a good capability to predict the stability lobes for milling operations with variable pitch cutter or variable-spindle speed. Gang Jin, Houjun Qi, Zhanjie Li, Jianxin Han, and Hua Li Copyright © 2017 Gang Jin et al. All rights reserved. Sparse Signal Inversion with Impulsive Noise by Dual Spectral Projected Gradient Method Thu, 14 Sep 2017 07:36:19 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/mpe/2017/2736306/ We consider sparse signal inversion with impulsive noise. There are three major ingredients. The first is regularizing properties; we discuss convergence rate of regularized solutions. The second is devoted to the numerical solutions. It is challenging due to the fact that both fidelity and regularization term lack differentiability. Moreover, for ill-conditioned problems, sparsity regularization is often unstable. We propose a novel dual spectral projected gradient (DSPG) method which combines the dual problem of multiparameter regularization with spectral projection gradient method to solve the nonsmooth optimization functional. We show that one can overcome the nondifferentiability and instability by adding a smooth regularization term to the original optimization functional. The advantage of the proposed functional is that its convex duality reduced to a constraint smooth functional. Moreover, it is stable even for ill-conditioned problems. Spectral projected gradient algorithm is used to compute the minimizers and we prove the convergence. The third is numerical simulation. Some experiments are performed, using compressed sensing and image inpainting, to demonstrate the efficiency of the proposed approach. Liang Ding, Hui Zhao, and Yixin Dou Copyright © 2017 Liang Ding et al. All rights reserved. Two-Dimensional Simulation of Flows in an Open Channel with Groin-Like Structures by iRIC Nays2DH Thu, 14 Sep 2017 00:00:00 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/mpe/2017/1275498/ This study presents the results obtained from the numerical simulation on turbulent flows around a single groin for different orientations. Here iRIC Nays2DH, which is based on 2D model, is used to simulate the flows in a straight open channel with groin of 45°, 90°, and 135° angled with the approaching flow. A depth-averaged - model is used as turbulence closure model with finite differential advections as upwind scheme. The numerical results of velocity and bed shear stress profiles are compared with the available experimental data. Good agreements are found between experimental and calculated results. From the simulation, it is observed that the peak of velocity and bed shear stress is maximum at the position of head of groin when lateral distance , where l is the groin length. The position of maximum velocity and bed shear stress is found to be shifted towards downstream with increasing . The maximum velocity and bed shear stress for 135° groin are found lower than the other two cases for all the sections of . Md. Shahjahan Ali, Md. Milon Hasan, and Masuma Haque Copyright © 2017 Md. Shahjahan Ali et al. All rights reserved. A TOU Pricing Mechanism to Promote Renewable Energy Consumption: The Case of the Western Inner Mongolia Grid in China Thu, 14 Sep 2017 00:00:00 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/mpe/2017/9454358/ The curtailment of wind power and photovoltaic power is becoming increasingly serious from the year 2012 to present in China. And the small installed capacity captive coal-fired power plants have been developed rapidly aiming to cut production costs. Therefore, by the substitution of renewable energy for captive coal-fired power plants, this paper establishes a time-of-use (TOU) pricing mechanism with a linkage between the supply side and the demand side to promote renewable energy consumption, which is applied to the Western Inner Mongolia grid in China. The results show that the benefits to the grid company, electricity users, renewable energy producers, and social environment are influenced by the quantity of renewable energy purchased in the market, the market price for renewable energy, the quantity of electricity from grid to peak shaving, the carbon price, and the quantity of electricity generated by captive coal-fired power plants shifting to grid, in which the first factor has the greatest influence on the benefits of stakeholders. Furthermore, improving the accuracy of renewable energy generation forecast and optimizing using electricity behaviors by considering the renewable energy generation characteristics could ensure the TOU mechanism implementation successfully. Yong-xiu He, Yue-xia Pang, and Jie Guan Copyright © 2017 Yong-xiu He et al. All rights reserved. Crop Evaluation System Optimization: Attribute Weights Determination Based on Rough Sets Theory Thu, 14 Sep 2017 00:00:00 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/mpe/2017/6781671/ The present study is mainly a continuation of our previous study, which is about a crop evaluation system development that is based on grey relational analysis. In that system, the attribute weight determination affects the evaluation result directly. Attribute weight is usually ascertained by decision-makers experience knowledge. In this paper, we utilize rough sets theory to calculate attribute significance and then combine it with weight given by decision-maker. This method is a comprehensive consideration of subjective experience knowledge and objective situation; thus it can acquire much more ideal results. Finally, based on this method, we improve the system based on ASP.NET technology. Ruihong Wang, Liguo Zhang, and Xiuying Lu Copyright © 2017 Ruihong Wang et al. All rights reserved. The Breaking Span of Thick and Hard Roof Based on the Thick Plate Theory and Strain Energy Distribution Characteristics of Coal Seam and Its Application Wed, 13 Sep 2017 09:53:01 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/mpe/2017/3629156/ In mining engineering, the thick and hard roof threatens the safe production. Based on Reissner plate theory and combined with weighted residual method, with four edges clamped as the boundary conditions, this paper deduces the theoretical formula of the first breaking span of thick and hard roof. Based on Vlasov plate theory, with four edges simply supported as the boundary conditions, this paper deduces the theoretical formula of the periodic breaking span of thick and hard roof. The two formulas are used to verify the breaking span of thick and hard roof of Tashan Coal Mine, proving that its accuracy is higher than that of traditional beam theory. This paper studies the distribution characteristics of strain energy density in front of the coal seam during the mining process by numerical simulation, which is compared with the results of field microseismic experiments. It is found that the strain energy density of the coal seam has a good correlation with the probability of microseismic events. This paper provides theoretical support for more precise calculation of breaking span of the thick and hard roof and technical support for the practical stability analysis of the surrounding rock under the thick and hard roof. Xiaolong Li, Changwu Liu, Yang Liu, and Hui Xie Copyright © 2017 Xiaolong Li et al. All rights reserved. Formation Control of Unmanned Surface Vehicles with Sensing Constraints Using Exponential Remapping Method Wed, 13 Sep 2017 09:49:18 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/mpe/2017/7619086/ This paper presents a formation control strategy for unmanned surface vehicles (USVs) with sensing constraints moving in a leader-follower formation. Each USV is assumed to be equipped with a vision-based sensor, which is able to get the line-of-sight (LOS) range and bearing information. Most existing literature assumes that the USVs in formation control are with no sensing limitations or with 360-degree sensing fields; however, in our research, the vision-based sensor’s capability is restricted due to limited Field of View (FOV) and visual range. We consider that each USV in formation problem is equipped with a sector-like sensing field sensor for the leader-follower formation in two-dimensional space. The formation controller is developed by employing backstepping control technique and exponential remapping. The backstepping controller is designed to stabilize the triangular formation of three USVs, and the proposed exponential remapping method is to deal with the sector-like sensing constraint problem. Comparative analysis with three exponential remapping methods using numerical simulations is given to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method. Jian Wang, Jing-Yang Liu, and Hong Yi Copyright © 2017 Jian Wang et al. All rights reserved. New Trends on Modeling, Design, and Control of Chaotic Systems Wed, 13 Sep 2017 08:53:46 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/mpe/2017/3737681/ Jesus M. Munoz-Pacheco, Christos Volos, Eric Campos-Canton, Ahmad Taher Azar, Viet-Thanh Pham, and Ahmed G. Radwan Copyright © 2017 Jesus M. Munoz-Pacheco et al. All rights reserved. Enhancing the Performance of Biogeography-Based Optimization Using Multitopology and Quantitative Orthogonal Learning Wed, 13 Sep 2017 07:44:09 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/mpe/2017/2314927/ Two defects of biogeography-based optimization (BBO) are found out by analyzing the characteristics of its dominant migration operator. One is that, due to global topology and direct-copying migration strategy, information in several good-quality habitats tends to be copied to the whole habitats rapidly, which would lead to premature convergence. The other is that the generated solutions by migration process are distributed only in some specific regions so that many other areas where competitive solutions may exist cannot be investigated. To remedy the former, a new migration operator precisely developed by modifying topology and copy mode is introduced to BBO. Additionally, diversity mechanism is proposed. To remedy the latter defect, quantitative orthogonal learning process accomplished based on space quantizing and orthogonal design is proposed. It aims to investigate the feasible region thoroughly so that more competitive solutions can be obtained. The effectiveness of the proposed approaches is verified on a set of benchmark functions with diverse characteristics. The experimental results reveal that the proposed method has merits regarding solution quality, convergence performance, and so on, compared with basic BBO, five BBO variant algorithms, seven orthogonal learning-based algorithms, and other non-OL-based evolutionary algorithms. The effects of each improved component are also analyzed. Siao Wen, Jinfu Chen, Yinhong Li, Dongyuan Shi, and Xianzhong Duan Copyright © 2017 Siao Wen et al. All rights reserved. Estimation of Distribution Algorithm Using Correlation between Binary Elements: A New Binary-Code Metaheuristic Wed, 13 Sep 2017 07:36:33 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/mpe/2017/6043109/ A new metaheuristic called estimation of distribution algorithm using correlation between binary elements (EDACE) is proposed. The method searches for optima using a binary string to represent a design solution. A matrix for correlation between binary elements of a design solution is used to represent a binary population. Optimisation search is achieved by iteratively updating such a matrix. The performance assessment is conducted by comparing the new algorithm with existing binary-code metaheuristics including a genetic algorithm, a univariate marginal distribution algorithm, population-based incremental learning, binary particle swarm optimisation, and binary simulated annealing by using the test problems of CEC2015 competition and one real-world application which is an optimal flight control problem. The comparative results show that the new algorithm is competitive with other established binary-code metaheuristics. Nantiwat Pholdee and Sujin Bureerat Copyright © 2017 Nantiwat Pholdee and Sujin Bureerat. All rights reserved.