Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Malaria Research and Treatment
Volume 2012, Article ID 538481, 4 pages
Research Article

In Vitro Chloroquine Resistance in Plasmodium falciparum Isolates from Tertiary Care Hospital

Department of Microbiology, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh 202001, India

Received 27 May 2012; Revised 3 August 2012; Accepted 29 August 2012

Academic Editor: Neena Valecha

Copyright © 2012 Fatima Shujatullah et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. R. G. Ridley, “Medical need, scientific opportunity and the drive for antimalarial drugs,” Nature, vol. 415, no. 6872, pp. 686–693, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. K. H. Rieckmann, G. H. Campbell, L. J. Sax, and J. E. Mrema, “Drug sensitivity of Plasmodium falciparum. An in-vitro microtechnique.,” Lancet, vol. 1, no. 8054, pp. 22–23, 1978. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. World Health Organization, In Vitro Microtest (MARK II) for the Assessment of the Response of Plasmodium Falciparum to Chloroquine, Mefloquine, Quinine, Sulfadoxine/Pyrimentamine and Amodiaquine, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 1990.
  4. R. E. Desjardins, C. J. Canfield, J. D. Haynes, and J. D. Chulay, “Quantitative assessment of antimalarial activity in vitro by a semiautomated microdilution technique,” Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, vol. 16, no. 6, pp. 710–718, 1979. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. T. Makler and D. J. Hinrichs, “Measurement of the lactate dehydrogenase activity of Plasmodium falciparum as an assessment of parasitemia,” American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, vol. 48, no. 2, pp. 205–210, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. H. Noedl, W. H. Wernsdorfer, R. S. Miller, and C. Wongsrichanalai, “Histidine-rich protein II: a novel approach to malaria drug sensitivity testing,” Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 1658–1664, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. W. Trager and J. B. Jensen, “Human malaria parasites in continuous culture,” Science, vol. 193, no. 4254, pp. 673–675, 1976. View at Google Scholar
  8. J. D. Haynes, C. L. Diggs, F. A. Hines, and R. E. Desjardins, “Culture of human malaria parasites Plasmodium falciparum,” Nature, vol. 263, pp. 767–769, 1976. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. P. J. Guerin, P. Olliaro, F. Nosten et al., “Malaria: Current status of control, diagnosis, treatment, and a proposed agenda for research and development,” Lancet Infectious Diseases, vol. 2, no. 9, pp. 564–573, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. A. Ahmed, D. Bararia, S. Vinayak et al., “Plasmodium falciparum, Hyde JE. Drug-resistant malaria,” Trends Parasitol, vol. 21, pp. 494–483, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  11. N. K. Shah, G. P. S. Dhillon, A. P. Dash, U. Arora, S. R. Meshnick, and N. Valecha, “Antimalarial drug resistance of Plasmodium falciparum in India: changes over time and space,” The Lancet Infectious Diseases, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 57–64, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. R. N. Prasad, H. Prasad, K. J. Virk, and V. P. Sharma, “Application of a simplified in-vivo test system for determining chloroquine resistance in Plasmodium falciparum,” Bulletin of the World Health Organization, vol. 68, no. 6, pp. 755–758, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. V. K. Dua, P. K. Kar, S. Kumar, and V. P. Sharma, “In-vivo and in-vitro sensitivity of Plasmodium falciparum to chloroquine at Indian Oil Corporation, Mathura (U.P.),” Indian Journal of Malariology, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 29–35, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. H. Al-Shamahy, A. H. Al-Harazy, N. S. Harmal, and A. M. Al-Kabsi, “The prevalence and degree of resistance of Plasmodium falciparum to first-line antimalarial drugs: an in vitro study from a malaria endemic region in Yemen,” Annals of Saudi Medicine, vol. 27, no. 6, pp. 432–436, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus