Modelling and Simulation in Engineering / 2009 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Development of a Dynamic Virtual Reality Model of the Inner Ear Sensory System as a Learning and Demonstrating Tool

Table 1

Model parameters of the sensors (Rabbitt [7], Grant et al. [18]).

Endolymph mass within the horizontal canal
Viscous coefficient within the horizontal canal
Cupula stiffness1.33 GPa/
Inertial forcing coefficient0.76 g/cm
Slow time constant of the horizontal semicircular canal13.2 s
Fast time constant of the horizontal semicircular canal0.006 s
Endolymph density1 
Endolymph volume displacement
Cupula volume displacement
Otoconial layer density1.35 g/
Otoconial layer massg
Drag coefficient associated with the endolymph and gel layer
Stiffness coefficient associated with the gel layerGPa/
Slow time constant of the otolith organs120 ms
Fast time constant of the otolith organs
Gravity9.81
Head angular velocityrad/s
Head angular accelerationrad/
Otoconial displacementm
Gravitoinertial acceleration in the plane of the organ, equal to m/
Inertial acceleration of the headm/

Article of the Year Award: Outstanding research contributions of 2020, as selected by our Chief Editors. Read the winning articles.