Table 1: Measurement-based parameters of the geometrical street scattering model and the resulting average Doppler shift and the Doppler spread.

Model parameters Propagation environment
Urban LOS Urban NLOS Rural LOS Highway LOS Highway NLOS

(m) 546.28 (1249) 537.03 (908.3) 546.52 (1236) 547.69 (1207) 546.88 (1193)
(m) 198.96 (198.77) 76.46 (1.1113) 20.89 (18.25) 199.8 (200) 0.01 (0.01)
(Hz) 223.55 (219.77) 262.1 (209.97) 463.72 (491.65) 511.68 (442.62) 491.67 (481.97)
(m) 10.42 (7) 2.12 (1.18) 15.28 (4.63) 17.62 (19.78) 1.3 (1.3)
(m) 19.82 (6.6) 20 (7.06) 14.57 (9.4) 19.63 (25) 20 (9.4)
(m) 238.6 236.7 186.77 896.7 749.6
0.485 0 0.27 0.4 0
Measured
average Doppler −20 103 201 209 −176
shift (Hz) [25]
Theoretical
average Doppler −20 102.67 200.55 208.8 −110
shift (Hz)
Measured
Doppler 341 298 782 761 978
spread (Hz) [25]
Theoretical
Doppler 341 298 782.03 760.88 941
spread (Hz)