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Modelling and Simulation in Engineering
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 142165, 6 pages
Research Article

Study of Swarm Behavior in Modeling and Simulation of Cluster Formation in Nanofluids

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology, P.O. BOX 15875-4413, Tehran 159163411, Iran

Received 8 April 2012; Revised 4 January 2013; Accepted 10 January 2013

Academic Editor: Azah Mohamed

Copyright © 2013 Mohammad Pirani et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Modeling the multiagents cooperative systems inspired from biological self-organized systems in the context of swarm model has been under great considerations especially in the field of the cooperation of multi robots. These models are trying to optimize the behavior of artificial multiagent systems by introducing a consensus, which is a mathematical model between the agents as an intelligence property for each member of the swarm set. The application of this novel approach in the modeling of nonintelligent multi agents systems in the field of cohesion and cluster formation of nanoparticles in nanofluids has been investigated in this study. This goal can be obtained by applying the basic swarm model for agents that are more mechanistic by considering their physical properties such as their mass, diameter, as well as the physical properties of the flow. Clustering in nanofluids is one of the major issues in the study of its effects on heat transfer. Study of the cluster formation dynamics in nanofluids using the swarm model can be useful in controlling the size and formation time of the clusters as well as designing appropriate microchannels, which the nanoparticles are plunged into.