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Modelling and Simulation in Engineering
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 234601, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/234601
Research Article

Computational Analysis to Factor Wind into the Design of an Architectural Environment

1School of Energy, Geoscience, Infrastructure and Society, Heriot-Watt University, P.O. Box 294345, Dubai, UAE
2Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK

Received 9 November 2014; Accepted 27 January 2015

Academic Editor: Ahmed Rachid

Copyright © 2015 Hassam Nasarullah Chaudhry et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The effect of wind distribution on the architectural domain of the Bahrain Trade Centre was numerically analysed using computational fluid dynamics (CFD). Using the numerical data, the power generation potential of the building-integrated wind turbines was determined in response to the prevailing wind direction. The three-dimensional Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) equations along with the momentum and continuity equations were solved for obtaining the velocity and pressure field. Simulating a reference wind speed of 6 m/s, the findings from the study quantified an estimate power generation of 6.4 kW indicating a capacity factor of 2.9% for the benchmark model. At the windward side of the building, it was observed that the layers of turbulence intensified in inverse proportion to the height of the building with an average value of 0.45 J/kg. The air velocity was found to gradually increase in direct proportion to the elevation with the turbine located at higher altitude receiving maximum exposure to incoming wind. This work highlighted the potential of using advanced computational fluid dynamics in order to factor wind into the design of any architectural environment.